History in Fortaleza

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Fortaleza, the capital of the state of Ceara in Northeastern Brazil, is a densely populated metropolis situated on the Atlantic Ocean. Known for its restaurants and regional seafood, as well as its growing tourist attractions and hospitality, the city is steeped in history dating back to 1500.

Early History of Fortaleza

Spaniard Vicente Pinzon landed on February 2, 1500 on Mucuripe's cove where he named the newly discovered area as Santa Maria de la Consolacion. Though the discovery was never officially recognized, colonization started about 100 years later. The Portuguese first began colonization with the construction of Fortim de São Tiago on the Ceará River in the early 1600s. Many years later, Dutch forces seized, and then occupied, Brazil's northwest territory and created Fort Schoonenborch in the area that is now known as Fortaleza.

Portuguese forces expelled the Dutch occupiers in the early 1700s and the city was given the status of a village. The village recognized its first growth, in a series of great growths, and by 1799, the Province of Pernambuco and the Province of Ceara separated and Fortaleza officially became the capital of Ceara. From there, the now capital city began a period of great expansion and advancement that would transform it into one of the premiere tourist destinations in the country.

Modern History of Fortaleza

By the 19th century, Fortaleza became a cotton growing community and the urban center of the growing state. In the mid-1800s, the city went through another strong period of growth and enlightenment, where secondary schools, a library and a transportation network were all planned and created. By the end of the 1800s, slaves were freed in the abolitionist movement and a new literary movement had begun to take place and spread new literary throughout the increasingly urban Fortaleza and its surrounding areas.

The 20th century in Fortaleza brought a period of great urban growth, resulting in the city's elevation to the 7th most populated city in the entire country. The city created its first university in 1954 and Fortaleza began to emerge as an industrial center. By the end of the century, the city had completed some great changes that put it at the forefront as one of the leading tourist destinations in northeast Brazil. New avenues, cultural spaces and hospitals commissioned by the government transformed Fortaleza into the modern city as it is known today.

January 19, 2010 change by sequoia maner

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