Economy in Canada

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Economy—overview: As an affluent high-tech industrial society, Canada today closely resembles the US in its market-oriented economic system pattern of production and high living standards. Since World War II, the impressive growth of the manufacturing, mining and service sectors has transformed the nation from a largely rural economy into one primarily industrial and urban. Canada started the 1990s in recession but with the help of the oil and gas boom in Alberta, Canada has become a desired place to make big money fast. With its great natural resources, skilled labor force and good governing, Canada is one of only a few countries to be able to withstand the 2009 recession. Since this is much due to the western provinces the eastern provinces still find themselves lagging behind in economic developpement.This may change as oil has recently been found off the east coast.

GDP: purchasing power parity—$658 billion (1997 est.)

GDP—real growth rate: 3.5% (1997 est.)

GDP—per capita: purchasing power parity—$21 700 (1997 est.)

GDP—composition by sector:

agriculture: 3%

industry: 31%

services: 66% (1997)

Inflation rate—consumer price index: 1.8% (1997)

Labor force:

total: 15.3 million (1997)

by occupation: services 75% manufacturing 16% agriculture 3% construction 5% other 1% (1997)

Unemployment rate: 8.6% (December 1997)

Budget:

revenues: $106.5 billion

expenditures: $117.2 billion including capital expenditures of $1.7 billion (1996)

Industries: processed and unprocessed minerals food products wood and paper products transportation equipment chemicals fish products petroleum and natural gas

Industrial production growth rate: 1.7% (1997 est.)

Electricity—capacity: 113.645 million kW (1995)

Electricity—production: 532.64 billion kWh (1995)

Electricity—consumption per capita: 17 448 kWh (1995)

Agriculture—products: wheat, barley,wild rice, oilseed tobacco fruits vegetables; dairy products; forest products; commercial fisheries provide annual catch of 1.5 million metric tons of which 75% is exported

Exports:

total value: $208.6 billion (f.o.b. 1997)

commodities: newsprint wood pulp timber crude petroleum machinery natural gas aluminum motor vehicles and parts; telecommunications equipment

partners: US Japan UK Germany South Korea Netherlands China

Imports:

total value: $194.4 billion (c.i.f. 1997)

commodities: crude oil chemicals motor vehicles and parts durable consumer goods computers; telecommunications equipment and parts

partners: US Japan UK Germany France Mexico Taiwan South Korea

Debt—external: $253 billion (1996)

Economic aid:

donor: ODA $1.6 billion (1995)

note: ODA and OOF commitments $10.1 billion (1986-91)

Currency: 1 Canadian dollar (Can$) = 100 cents

Exchange rates: Canadian dollars (Can$) per US$1—1.18540 (November 2004) 1.4408 (January 1998) 1.3846 (1997) 1.3635 (1996) 1.37241 (1995) 1.3656 (1994) 1.2901 (1993)

Fiscal year: 1 April—31 March

Contributors
November 23, 2004 change by kmsiever

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