In 1883, the transcontinental railway started to cut its way through the formidable Rocky Mountains. That same year, three railway workers chanced upon simmering hot springs, and a tourist destination was born. The Cave and Basin National Historic Site, as these hot springs are now called, became Canada's first National Park in 1885, and was later expanded to become Banff National Park. At 1,372 m (4,530 ft) above sea level, Banff is recognized as Canada’s Highest Town. It is home to over 6,000 people. See the spectacular Banff Springs Hotel. Take a dip at the Upper Hot Springs. Be sure to take in the Whyte Museum of the Canadian Rockies, the Cave and Basin National Historic Site and the Banff Park Museum National Historic Site.
For a view of Banff from the mountains, visit the scenic view!