Aberystwyth Travel GuideEdit This The best resource for sights, hotels, restaurants, bars, what to do and see
The town is surrounded on three sides by some of the most glorious countryside in Great Britain - the Rheidol Valley, the Pumlumon mountains, not to mention Ceredigion's Heritage Coast and the most concentrated collection of award-winning beaches in the UK.
Aberystwyth was established over seven hundred years ago by virtue of a charter awarded by Edward I. Neighbouring Llanbadarn Fawr is a much older settlement whose history is more based upon the historical Welsh culture.
An original castle was built by invading Anglo-Saxon forces far to the south of the site of the existing castle ruins. The original fortifications would probably have been much nearer to the mouth of the river Ystwyth ("Aber Ystwyth" in Welsh means mouth of the river Ystwyth) than are the ruins of the later, stone-built castle, that remain.
Although its origins stemmed from an intent to subdue the Welsh people, Aberystwyth became the home of some of the most important institutions for and of Wales. The very first college of the University of Wales was established here and education remains to dominate the calendar of the town for much of the year. The University of Wales Aberystwyth now encompasses the College of Librarianship Wales and the Institute for Rural Studies - previously the Welsh College of Agriculture.
Aberystwyth also houses the National Library of Wales - where many of the greatest literary treasures of Wales and the other Celtic countries are securely stored, including the illuminated "Black Book of Carmarthen", the oldest surviving manuscript written in the Welsh language.