Engelsberg Travel Guide

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In the central Swedish uplands (Bergslagen) there are quite a number of villages centered around an iron works. These villages are built and organised in a particular Swedish tradition. All buildings in the village belonged to the owner of the iron works, including the houses where the workers lived. Schools, a church, shops etc. were all provided by the proprietor, as well as health service and pension – for those who had behaved well. Today the villages are still there but the industry is gone and the industrial buildings are ruins. Engelsberg is the only exception to this. Most of the buildings have been kept intact together with machinery and euqipment. There is the smelting house, which is log-insulated, as well as the hammer forge. Farmers in the surroundings provided charcoal which was weighed in the also preserved weighing house. The blast furnace and the forge are considered unique. The waterwheel, crusher, blower, and hammer are intact and in working condition.

The whole village environment is intact, including many of the houses for the workers, as well as the mansion of the ironmaster, office buildings, cowsheds etc. Engelsberg has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO because it "is an outstanding example of an important European industry from the seventeenth to the nineteenth centuries, with important technical remains and with both offices and homes preserved." It is best visited during summer together with several other picturesque places in Bergslagen.

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May 05, 2005 new by ingvar

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