Vushtrri Travel Guide

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Vushtrria 2007

Vushtrria 2007

Emin Ibishi

Vushtrri, or Vicianum (Area of Calves) as it was previously called by its ancient Illyrian name, is an ancient population settlement, which dates back, before the Roman Empire. At the end of the first century B.C., Viciana was conquered by the Roman Empire. During Roman occupation, Viciana developed a considerable economy and a thriving culture. After the fall of the Roman Empire, Viciana was transferred to Byzantine rule. After the Great Schism of the Church in 1054, the majority of Vushtrri’s population remained Catholic.
In the fourteenth century the Ottoman Empire began to expand into the Balkans. Ottoman presence in Vushtrri was first recorded in 1439. The establishment of Ottoman administration in Vushtrri introduced Islam to the municipality and the construction of mosques, inns, Muslim religious schools and hamams (public baths) followed. Between the 15th-18th Centuries, Vushtrri was one of the largest settlements in the Balkans and it was the center of a very important Sanxhak (administrative unit) of the Ottoman Empire.
During World War I Vushtrri was occupied by Austro-Hungary. During World War II Vushtrri was incorporated into to the German zone of occupation. In November 1944, the Yugoslav Communist administration was established.
In March 1989, Serb state authorities abolished the Constitution of 1974. This led to an armed uprising by the population of Kosova, organized by the Kosova Liberation Army (KLA), which led to the intervention by NATO forces (March-June 1999). During the conflict, more than 500 Albanian civilians were killed in Vushtrri and the surrounding area and another 100 remain missing. NATO forces entered Vushtrri on 16 June 1999.

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