Ulan Ude Travel Guide

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History

The first occupants of the area where Ulan-Ude now stands were the Evenks and, later, the Buryat Mongols. Ulan-Ude was founded in 1666 by the Russian Cossacks as Udinskoye. Due to its favourable geographical position, the city grew rapidly and became a large trade centre which connected Russia with China and Mongolia and, from 1690, was the administrative center of the Transbaikal region. In 1775, the city, now Udinsk, was chartered as a city and in in 1783 was renamed Verkhneudinsk. After a large fire in 1878, the city was almost completely rebuilt. The Trans-Siberian Railway reached the city in 1900 causing an explosion in growth. The population which was 3500 in 1880 reached 126,000 in 1939. On 27 July 1934, the city was renamed Ulan-Ude.

Geography and climate

Ulan-Ude lies 5,640 kilometers (3,500 mi) east of Moscow and 100 kilometers (60 mi) south-east of Lake Baikal. It is located 600 meters (1,970 ft) above mean sea level at the foot of the Khamar-Daban and Khrebet Ulan-Burgasy mountain ranges, next to the confluence of the Selenga River and its tributary, the Uda which divides the city into two parts.

Ulan Ude has a moderate subarctic climate with mean temperatures of +1.7 ℃ (35.1 ℉). The hottest month, July, has a mean temperature of +26.9 ℃ (80.4 ℉) and the coldest, January, is −24.8 ℃ (−12.6 ℉). Ulan-Ude receives an average 264 millimeters (10.4 in) of precipitation per year, mostly in the summer.

Population

According to the 2002 Census, 359,391 residents lived in Ulan-Ude, up from 351,806 recorded in 1989.[1] It is the third largest city in East Siberia.

Part or or all of this text stems from the original article at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulan_ude

Contributors

December 14, 2008 new by natashou

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