History in Bucharest

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Statue in Remenbrance of the Revolt of 1908 at Piata Obor

Statue in Remenbrance of the Revolt of 1908 at Piata Obor

Archaeological excavations revealed the existence of over 150,000 years old prehistoric settlements on Bucharest location.

Vlad the Impaler mentioned Bucharest in a letter dating from 1459. He built a fortress in Bucharest to hold back the Turks threatening the Walachian state.

In the following century Bucharest developed rapidly as the main economic center of Walachia and became the capital of Walachia in 1659.

During the 18th century, the Phanariotes - Greeks originating from the Phanar district of Constantinople - took the control of the Walachian government from the native Romanian princes.

In 1821 the national hero Tudor Vladimirescu conducted a people’s revolt, which ended Phanariote rule.

In 1862 Bucharest was proclaimed the capital of the Walachian and Moldavian region united under the name of the Romanian state.

The achievement of national independence in 1878 determined a strong economical development for both the country and its capital city.

In the beginning of the 20th century, electric bulbs and petrol lamps lit Bucharest’s streets. Electrical streetcars made the public transportation in the city.

After World War I, Bucharest became the capital city of a greatly enlarged Romania with the Transylvanian region.

In 1918, Bucharest had 382,853 inhabitants. By 1939 the number of Bucharest’s people grew to 870,000.

The '30s were a period of rapid urban development. Many contemporaries use to call Bucharest the "Little Paris".

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