Isernia Travel Guide

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ISernia is situated at 423 m. above sea level on a hill separating the Carpino and Sorde rivers.

An ancient Samnite centre with the name of Aesernia, it was colonized by Rome from 263 BC., becoming an important road communications intersection. Isernia was subjected to domination by the Goths, Byzantines and Lombards and was destroyed at the beginning of the ninth century by the Saracens. It was rebuilt in the eleventh century, from then on sharing the vicissitudes ot the Kingdom of Sicily (later of Naples and the Two Sicilies) until unification with Italy in 1860. Situated in an earthquake-prone area, it was badly damaged by earthquakes in 1349, 1456, 1688 and 1805.

Interesting monuments include the Fontana delle Fraterna (fountain, 13th-14th century), the cathedral (in neo-classical style, 14th century) built over a previous church, destroyed by the 1805 earthquake, and the church of San Francesco.

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