Top 5 Must Do's in TrierEdit This
As Germany’s oldest city, Trier plays host to a slew of historic landmarks, including an impressive array of Roman ruins and famed birthplaces. Here are the five sights you simply can’t afford to miss.
1. Karl Marx’s House
Karl Marx, the famed German political theorist and philosopher who helped develop the communist ideology, spent much of his childhood in Trier. Today, tourists can visit his 1818 birthplace and boyhood home, aided in part by an audio tour, available in multiple languages. The home also features an attached museum where guests can examine the life of this complex figure. Also nearby, you’ll find a lovely garden and café, which serve as the perfect spot to relax while dining for lunch.
2. The Kaiserthermen
These ancient Imperial Roman baths, situated in the midst of Trier, have lasted more than 2,000 years and are still well-preserved. The Kaiserthermen was actually erected and frequented by the famed Roman emperor Constantine. Tourists can peruse these sprawling baths, highlighted by a labyrinth of underground passages. One of the most impressive regions is the hot water baths, featuring heated floors and breathtaking mosaics, sculptures and paintings.
3. Cathedral of Trier
Also known as the Cathedral of Saint Peter, this stunning 11th century edifice remains the oldest cathedral in all of Germany. Due to various additions and contributions throughout the years, the cathedral features a hodgepodge of architectural designs including Romanesque, Gothic and Baroque elements. Inside tourists will discover a host of tombs and religious relics, such as the remnants of the Holy Tunic, the robe said to be worn by Jesus prior to his crucifixion.
4. Black Gate
Also known as Porta Nigra, this stunning sandstone fixture was built by the Romans around 200 A.D. in an attempt to protect the city of Trier. Today, the gate is in remarkable condition, giving tourists a glimpse into the world of ancient Roman architecture. Visitors are allowed to climb to the upper floors of the gate, granting tremendous views of the region. Guided tours are available as well, a particularly popular Trier attraction during the summer months.
5. Basilica of Constantine (Aula Palatina)
Built by Emperor Constantine in the early 4th century, this truly historic edifice remains remarkably well-preserved. Although it was originally built as part of a larger palatial estate, today this is the only standing building from the complex. Throughout its history, the Aula Palatina has served as the home to various bishops of Trier, and in 1856 it became a Protestant Church.