History in Kreuzberg

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The Kreuzberg History is relatively new compared to other cities and boroughs in Berlin. The Kreuzberg history narrates a tale of bouncing back against all odds. Read on to find out more.

The Inception of Kreuzberg

Kreuzberg was a village formed by Jews in 1920. Most of the areas in Berlin today, were villages prior to their integration with Berlin and Kreuzberg is comparatively a newer area.

The Name

The neoclassical architect Karl Schinkel was instrumental in the christening of Kreuzberg. Mr. Schinkel is the mastermind behind the spectacular redevelopment of Berlin. During this phase, Victoria Park was inaugurated and was the beneficiary of the National Denkmal, designed by Schinkel. This monument stood on a 66 meter high hill. The iron cross on the monument was called the Eisernes Kreuz. This resulted in the hill being called the Kreuzberg. Later on, during the Berlin Act of 1920, the borough was christened Kreuzberg.


Until the late 19th century, Kreuzberg did not see much development and was a rural area. But the industrialization era of the 1860s in Berlin changed the path of Kreuzberg for the good. Industrialization translated into development and a higher standard of living. The quality of life improved, thus escalating the demand for more and more comfort. The demand for housing was at the top of the list and resulted in large scale land development in Kreuzberg. The buildings and architecture you see in Kreuzberg today are the effect of the industrialization.

Profit-making Center

As time passed by Kreuzberg, started transforming itself into a major business center and most of the industries were located here. Ritter Street was packed with businesses of all sorts and was busy with activities at all times. Literary work was also spreading its roots in Kreuzberg. Major publishing houses and the heavyweight newspapers of Germany, had their presence in Kreuzberg. But the World War II destroyed most of these entities.

Post World War II

Even though the war made Kreuzberg an unattractive area, after the fall of the Berlin Wall it reclaimed its lost spark. More and more people started settling in their region and today it boasts of a lively young population.

February 26, 2010 change by schitti
February 11, 2010 change by smitha

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