History in Berlin Mitte

Edit This

Berlin Mitte is the most central Borough of the city and was once nearly surrounded by the Berlin Wall. Berlin Mitte History has both highs and lows. From the economic prosperity of the post World War 2 years, to the partitioning and eventual liberation, this area's history has seen more triumph and tragedy in a short span of time than most others. Encompassing the Alexanderplatz and home to such sites as the Brandenburg Gate and Checkpoint Charlie this section of Berlin is now one of vibrancy. Although little evidence remains of those dark years, visitors still come from all over the world in an attempt to understand what life was like not so long ago.

Post World War 2 Prosperity

The post World War 2 years are some of the most important for this area of the city. Although the country of Germany was divided into its East and West halves, life for the residents of Berlin remained hardly changed despite being located deep in the heart of communist controlled East Germany. Citizens from all areas of the city were allowed to pass freely from one part to the other. Citizens from East Berlin were known to shop, work and socialize is the western section. Although officially divided in terms of politics there was no physical barrier prohibiting movement. Things were soon to make a drastic change.

Closing the Border

From August 3rd to August 5th 1961 were holding talks with the main subject being the border closure between East and West Berlin. On August 12 East German leader, Walter Ulbricht signed the treaty to start the process. The following Sunday at midnight, the plan was put into action. Both the police and army officials worked tirelessly to bolt up the city and stop the free flow of movement within the city.

A Divided City

The eventual result was the Berlin Wall. The structure was erected and was to stay in place for the next 28 years. All lines of communication and transport that once used to flow freely from East to West Berlin were stopped. Train and tram lines were cut and stations closes. Even cemeteries were divided with families unable to visit the graves of loved ones. The freedom of movement was stopped with citizens on both sides of the city living completely independent of each other.

The Winds of Change

In November of 1989 things began to change. The travel restrictions for East Germans traveling into West Germany are lifted allowing some friends and family to lay eyes of each other for the first time in nearly 3 decades. West Berlin soon became flooded with people with celebrations of freedome soon to follow.To aid in the passage of visitors citizens began tearing down sections of the Wall to allow them through safely. Within 1 year the remainder of the Berlin Wall was to be torn down and destroyed with only small sections remaining as a reminder of what life was like during that era.

Nearby History Guides

Where World66 helps you find the best deals on Berlin Mitte Hotels