History in Munich

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Munich history is rich, and this is reflected by the many historical sites in the area. It has faced many hardships such as the plague, World War I and World War II. Throughout history Munich has been a cosmopolitan city facilitating the development of art and culture. In modern times Munich is a developed and wealthy city that offers tourists a comfortable and interesting visit.


Monks were the first inhabitants of the area. The monks built a monastery and settled the fertile land. The monks were given permission to establish a market and a bridge was built for better access. The first evidence of Munich's existence dates back to 1158. In 1175 Munich obtained city status. In 1255 the dukes of Baveria moved to Munich, beginning Munich's importance in politics. In the 15th century Gothic art flourished in Munich and many significant buildings were constructed. The Frauenkirche Cathedral was built during this time. In 1506 Baveria was reunited and Munich became the capital of Baveria. During the 16th century Munich was central to the Counter Reformation. In the 19th century Munich grew as a cultural and artistic center. Many great buildings were built during this time and significant German paintings created.

World War I and World War II

World War I began in 1914 and during 1916, 3 bombs landed on Munich. In the period after World War I there was political unrest in Munich. Nazi movements were prominent in this area and in 1923 Hitler lead a revolt that failed. Munich was central to the National Socialist Movement and the headquarters were established in Munich. You can still see some of the buildings in current times. The Feldernhalle is a war memorial which was important to the Nazi movement. The first concentration camp was built 16 km from Munich. There were 71 air raids on the city resulting in extensive damage to buildings.

Post War

After the end of World War II the city was rebuilt and buildings were restored. There was an attempt to keep the original layout of the city and new buildings were constructed. In 1973 the Olympic Games were held in Munich. At the Olympic Games people were taken hostage by a terrorist group and 17 people died. The Fifa World Cup was held in Germany in 2006. In current times Munich is a wealthy city that attracts many tourists. Its population size has grown to over 1.35 million. Munich has a high standard of living and is a fashion center.

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