Economy in Czech Republic

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Economy—overview: The Czech Republic is one of the most stable and prosperous of the post-Communist states of Central and Eastern Europe. Growth in 2000-05 was supported by exports to the EU, primarily to Germany, and a strong recovery of foreign and domestic investment. Domestic demand is playing an ever more important role in underpinning growth as interest rates drop and the availability of credit cards and mortgages increases. The current account deficit has declined to around 3% of GDP as demand for Czech products in the European Union has increased. Inflation is under control. Recent accession to the EU gives further impetus and direction to structural reform. In early 2004 the government passed increases in the Value Added Tax (VAT) and tightened eligibility for social benefits with the intention to bring the public finance gap down to 4% of GDP by 2006, but more difficult pension and healthcare reforms will have to wait until after the next elections. Privatization of the state-owned telecommunications firm Cesky Telecom took place in 2005. Intensified restructuring among large enterprises, improvements in the financial sector, and effective use of available EU funds should strengthen output growth.

GDP: purchasing power parity—$221.4 billion (2006 est.)

GDP—real growth rate: 6.2% (2006 est.)

GDP—per capita: purchasing power parity—$21 600 (2006 est.)

GDP—composition by sector:

agriculture: 2.8%

industry: 37.8%

services: 59.4% (2006 est.)

Inflation rate—consumer price index: 2.7% (2006 est.)

Labor force:

total: 5.31 million (2006 est.)

by occupation: agriculture: 4.1%, industry: 37.6%, services: 58.3% (2003)

Unemployment rate: 8.4% (2006 est.)


revenues: $57.88 billion
expenditures: $62.53 billion; including capital expenditures of $NA (2006 est.)

Industries: metallurgy, machinery and equipment, motor vehicles, glass, armaments

Industrial production growth rate: 9.5% (2006 est.) 

Agriculture—products: grains potatoes sugar beets hops fruit; pigs cattle poultry; forest products

Electricity - production: 79.14 billion kWh (2004)

Electricity - consumption: 58.8 billion kWh (2004)

Electricity - exports: 24.6 billion kWh (2004)

Electricity - imports: 9.8 billion kWh (2004)


total value: $89.34 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)

commodities: machinery and transport equipment 52%, chemicals 5%, raw materials and fuel 9% (2003)

partners: Germany 33.5%, Slovakia 8.7%, Austria 5.5%, Poland 5.5%, France 5.3%, UK 4.6%, Italy 4.3% (2005)


total value: $87.7 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)

commodities: machinery and transport equipment 46%, raw materials and fuels 15%, chemicals 10% (2003)

partners: Germany 30%, Russia 5.7%, Slovakia 5.4%, China 5.1%, Poland 5%, Italy 4.8%, France 4.5%, Netherlands 4% (2005)

Debt—external: $50.2 billion (30 June 2006 est.)

Economic aid: $NA

Currency: 1 koruna (Kc) = 100 haleru

Exchange rates: koruny (Kc) per US$1 - 22.3072 (2006), 23.957 (2005), 25.7 (2004), 28.209 (2003), 32.739 (2002)

Fiscal year: calendar year

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