Zvornik Travel Guide

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DIVIČ/ PART OF ZVORNIK ON THE ZVORNIK LAKE

DIVIČ/ PART OF ZVORNIK ON THE ZVORNIK LAKE

Zvornik is a city on the Drina river in northeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina, located southwest of Tuzla and north of Srebrenica. It is administratively part of Republika Srpska. The town Mali Zvornik lies directly across the river in Serbia, and not far north is Loznica.

Before the war in Bosnia, the Zvornik municipality was one of the largest in the country with a population of 81,111. The city of Zvornik itself had 14,852 inhabitants. 

History

Zvornik is one of the oldest cities in Bosnia, being first mentioned in the year 1410, although it was known as Zvonik ("bell tower") at that time. The town's geographic location has made it an important trade link between Bosnia and the east. For instance, the main road connecting Sarajevo and Belgrade runs through the city. Zvornik also has the distinction of being the only city in Bosnia that directly lies on the border to Serbia.

During the Ottoman occupation, Zvornik was the capital of the Zvornik sanjak (an administrative region), which was a result of the city's crucial role in the economy and the strategic location.

Demographics

The city's demographic situation has changed drastically in the last 15 years. Up until 1992, the municipality consisted of 59.43% muslims, 38.02% Serbs, 1.51% Yugoslavs, 0.15% Croats and 0.89% others. During the 1992-1995 war, there was a shift in population, so Serbs now present a clear majority.

Climate

Just like most of Bosnia, Zvornik has very hot summers and cold winters. Except for the area near the river Drina, the city is surrounded by mountains with preserved forests, which creates a beautiful scenery with the town's location at the bottom a valley.

Contributors

April 24, 2006 change by giorgio

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