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Lankaran  

 Distance from Baku  278 km  Population  205 500 people Transport Motor transport:     Baku – Lankaran -Astara buses (5 hours)
By train:                  Baku – Astara (9 hours)

Lankaran is situated in the south-east of Azerbaijan and stretches along the Lankaran lowland. At the same time it borders on the Caspian Sea in the east. 29 thousand hectares of the area is covered with forests.The climate in Lankaran is humid-subtropic. It doesn’t have a strong and frosty winter.The summer has a dry heat and the fall is rainy.The average annual temperature is +14C. The coldest month is January (+3,4C) while the hottest month is July (+25C).The annual amount of rainfall is 1400-1600mm. Lankaran has a rich fauna and flora.The rare trees which grow in Talish Mountains are popular throughout the world. The iron, silk, acacia, oak, eucalyptus, cork, velvet-coloured birch, Hirkan shumshadi trees are the pearls of Lankaran’s flora. The broad-leaved oak is the symbolic Lankaran tree and has been in this region for 3 generations. It is 40-45m long. The iron tree, a rare plant has the pecularity of never sheding leaves, so the leaves stay dry on the tree until one of them bearly drops. Plenty of wild fruit trees, medicinal plants and bushes grow in the forests.


Numerous sandy beaches have been created on the Lankaran’s sea shores. There is a thick net of rivers in the region. The Lankaran, Veravul, Boladi and Qumbashi rivers run 10-25km away from the center of region. Most rivers, using the sea water, flow into the Caspian Sea. In the spring and fall these rivers overflow. The Khanbulan reservoir has been built with the purpose of using the rivers’ water for irrigation. There are many rivers worth seeing; 12km distance from Lankaran city, at the bottom of Talish mountains near the Ibadi forest there is the” Meshe bulaghi”, in the 13th km of the Lankaran –Masalli highway there is the “Havzava bulaghi’, in the 15th km of the Lankaran-Lerik highway at the bottom of the Ibadi and Sumax mountains there is the “Ibadi bulaghi”, close to the Khanbulanchay storage pond, there is the “Isa bulaghi”. People say there was a man who a serious illness but recovered while living here. There are two reserves in Lankaran: the Hirkan and Qizilaghac reserves. Pheasants, swans, partridges, white eagles and other kinds of birds are being protected here.Generally there are 270 kinds of birds.You can find numerous ancient trees in Hirkan reserve, which are being endangered. Lankaran is an important agricultural zone.Because of the mild weather and rich sun rays there are fertile lands in the region, where tea plants, feykhoa, Japanese date, lemon, mandarine, orange and other subtropical trees grow. Cultivation of tea is the most developed and profitable agricultural activity in the region. Tea products are being processed in the local factories.The main branches of industry are the production of furniture, silk and carpets.The administrative center of the region is Lankaran, the city covered with verdure.The Acacia avenues are the most loveable rest place of local inhabitans. Since ancient times, the convenient geographical positon, the fertile soil and rich natural recources of this land have captivated the world’s interest. The first man to live here belonged to the Enolit Period. The region is rich with historical monuments. The old Ebirler tower in the upper Nuvadi village, the Sheykh Zahid tower in the Shikhakeran village, the Kichik Gala mosque, the Guldaste mosque tower, the Haci Mirze bath and the Khan House –an old historical building with beautiful architectural patterns are still being conserved. There are ruins of the Bellabur castle in the west of the city. River stones and baked red bricks have been used in the construction of this castle.The faience water pipes still exist. At the top of the castle, an ancient tower has been built. The indigenous people call it “Boz Gala” (The Gray Castle”). The Historical Museum with an amazing architectural design in Lankaran will interest many tourists. Lankaran is a homeland of well-known generals Samadbey Mehmandarov and Khazi Aslanov. A memorial of Khazi Aslanov has been built in the city, and a museum has been opened at his house. Traditional activities such as carpet weaving, jewelry design and weaving straw to make home items are being developed. Craftsmen are usually busy sculpting, engraving on stones, trees and metals in Lankaran.

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