People in Azerbaijan

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Population of the Republic of Azerbaijan: 7,798,497 (July 2002 est.)
The Azeri constitute 90% of the population of the Republic of Azerbaijan and belong to the Caspian type of southern Europoid race. They are distinguished with sturdy build with a prevailing dark pigmentation, medium height and partially round shaped head, narrow face, rather narrow nose and in majority of cases big brown eyes.

The Azeri are of mixed ethnic origin, the oldest element deriving from the indigenous population of eastern Transcaucasia and possibly from the Medians of northern Persia. This population was Persianized during the period of the Sasanian dynasty of Iran (3rd-7th century AD), but, after the region's conquest by the Seljuk Turks in the 11th century, the inhabitants were Turkicized, and further Turkicization of the population occorred in the ensuing centuries.

Azerbaijan is the most populous country in the Caucasus. Although it contains people of many different nationalities, the republic has become more ethnically homogeneous in recent years. The proportion of Azeris, who have traditionally comprised about four-fifths of the population, has increased since the start of the conflict with Armenia over Nagorno-Karabakh in 1988. Large numbers of Azeri refugees have flowed over the border from Armenia, and large numbers of Russians , Armenians , and other nationalities have left Azerbaijan. Today, about 13 percent of the population are refugees and IDPs. The Armenian community, which comprised 6 percent of the population in 1989, is now confined almost exclusively to the Nagorno-Karabakh enclave. Other nationalities include Lezgin , Talysh , Avar , Meskhetian Turks , Tatar , Tat , Tsakhur , Georgian and Kurd . Most ethnic groups have resided in the area of present-day Azerbaijan for centuries, although Slavs arrived in large numbers with the industrialization boom of the last century.

Average population density of Azerbaijan is 86 pers/km 2 . The Absheron Peninsula is more densely populated (800 pers/km 2 ). The country is still largely rural, with only 52 percent of the population residing in urban areas, and 47 percent in rural areas.  Eighty percent of the population is concentrated on valleys and low lands that are more convenient for farming industry and where large industrial centres lie and irrigating agriculture is developed. This belt covers Kur-Araz, Samur-Devechi and Lankaran lowlands, and also Ganja-Gazakh and PriAraz valleys and Absheron Peninsula.

Population: 7 855 576 (July 1998 est.)

Age structure:

0-14 years: 32% (male 1 300 236; female 1 247 027)

15-64 years: 61% (male 2 336 568; female 2 468 679)

65 years and over: 7% (male 195 322; female 307 744) (July 1998 est.)

Population growth rate: 0.7% (1998 est.)

Birth rate: 22.2 births/1 000 population (1998 est.)

Death rate: 9.41 deaths/1 000 population (1998 est.)

Net migration rate: -5.75 migrant(s)/1 000 population (1998 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.63 male(s)/female (1998 est.)

Infant mortality rate: 81.64 deaths/1 000 live births (1998 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 63.3 years

male: 59.01 years

female: 67.81 years (1998 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.72 children born/woman (1998 est.)

Nationality:

noun: Azerbaijani(s)

adjective: Azerbaijani

Ethnic groups: Azeri 90% Dagestani Peoples 3.2% Russian 2.5% Armenian 2.3% other 2% (1995 est.)

note: almost all Armenians live in the separatist Nagorno-Karabakh region

Religions: Muslim 93.4% Russian Orthodox 2.5% Armenian Orthodox 2.3% other 1.8% (1995 est.)

note: religious affiliation is still nominal in Azerbaijan; actual practicing adherents are much lower

Languages: Azeri 89% Russian 3% Armenian 2% other 6% (1995 est.)

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 97%

male: 99%

female: 96% (1989 est.)

Contributors
April 16, 2006 change by reen

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