Nakhchivan City Travel Guide

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ARMENOCIDE

The main city and capital of the Nakhchivan Republic , also called Nakhchivan, was an ancient trading centre.  The Greeks and Romans called it Nacksuana / Naxuana (from the Greek for "sweet water"). As early as the 2nd century BC it is mentioned by Ptolomy as a thriving city.

It is spread over the foothills of Zangezur chain, on the right bank of the Nakhchivan river at an altitude of almost 1000 m.

Invader after invader looted, destroyed and (in some cases) rebuilt the city. It was the capital of the Atabek Eldegiz emirate in the 12th century and the Nakhchivan Khanate in the 18th century.

The main sight in the city is the 12th century Momine Khatum Mausoleum, also known as 'Atabek Gumbezi'. More recent (1993) is the white marble mausoleum of Hussein Javid. For more details, check teh [Sights] section.

The city also has an historical museum , a literary museum and the house museum of Nakhchivansku. More info, check the [Museums] section.

Have a look also at the baths and the blue domed Imamzade , the Uzbek style tomb of Abu Muzaffa Bahdur Khan.   The city has a few interesting mosques, particularly the Juma mosque, with its large dome.

Today Nakhchivan city is home to over 60.000 inhabitants. It has some industry, centred around glass, furniture, textiles and carpets, aluminium, tobacco and grape processing. Currently the government is looking for investment to develop tourism and oil production. Socially, this regional capital is quite sophisticated with its own university and a significant scientific and artistic community. For entertainment try the palace of culture, on Azadlyg avenue, the state musical and drama theatre on Ahmed Javad street or the puppet theatre on Nizami street.

The city has a lot of business visitors from Iran, Turkey and Russia (these countries have consulates in the city), leading to a reasonable offer of hotels, to be added in the [Accomodation] section.

(450 km west of Baku)

 

 

 

Part or or all of this text stems from the original article at: www.azerb.com

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April 16, 2006 change by azerbaijan08

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