Family Travel Ideas in Albania

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It is the capital of Albania. The architecture is soviet style although you can also see Turkish and Roman. In Tirana you will find the University of Tirana, the Agriculture Institute, the Science Academy, and the National Library. Other sites of interest are Etehem Bey Mosque, the National Museum of Albanian Culture, the National History Museum, the Natural Science Museum, and the Archeology Museum.

Shkodra

With a population of 81,000 it is a city of narrow street and high brick walls on both sides. Since the Second World War, some areas of Shkodra have been transformed with wide streets and tall buildings. The industrial area was built in the northern part of the city. Some sites of interest: Shkodra’s castle, the Turkish Bath, Plumbi Mosque.

Berat

It is 2000 years old and one of the oldest cities in Albania and it is also one of the most beautiful cities. It is located in the South of Albania. Berat is also known as the city of a thousand windows.

Saranda

A city in southern Albania known for its unforgetable beaches and colorful spring blooms.

Vlora

Lively seaside city, nice beaches south of town. Passanger ferries to and from Italy dock here.

Durres

One of the oldest cities in Albania. Flooded three times during its history. The current city is built on the ruins of two previous ones. It has the largest amphitheatre in the Balkans. It is currently the main port of Albania and has the longest shoreline.

 

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Tirana International Airport (TIA) is 25km (16 miles) from the capital. To/from the airport: An hourly bus service runs into the city centre between 0700 and 1900 (journey time - 30 minutes if traffic is light). Taxis are also available. Facilities: Small duty-free shop, ATM (in arrivals terminal), newsagents, souvenir kiosk and cafe

Getting to Albania by Water

Main ports: Durrësi, Vlora and Shëngjini.

Durrësi has connections toBari (journey time - 9 hours), to Ancona (journey time - 18 hours) and to Trieste (journey time - 24 hours) in Italy . It is also possible to travel from Durrësito Bari via catamaran (journey time - 3 hours).
Vlorahas ferry connections to Brindisi (journey time - 6-8 hours).
Saranda has a hydrofoil service (journey time - 30 minutes) and a ferry service (journey time - 90 minutes) to Corfu. The ferry companies Finikas and Albkorfuz have ticket-offices in Corfu town.

Getting to Albania by Road

The main international bus routes to Tirana are from Prishtina via Prizreni in Kosova; from Tetova via Debar in Macedonia; and from Thessalonica, Ioannina and Athens in Greece. There are also buses from Ulqinj to Shkodra.

Brief History

Albania was first inhabited by the Illyrian tribe. Later, the Greek arrived, around the 7th century B.C. Around the year 214 B.C. and after a long war; the Romans occupied Albania.

During the 5th and 6th centuries, Albania was invaded by the Visigoths, the Huns, the Ostrogoths, and Slavs. In the 14th century, independent feudal states appeared while the cities were developing.

In 1389 after defeating Serbs and Turks, Albania falls under the Ottoman rule until 1912 when the 28 of November the Albanians declared independence.

In 1939 during the Second World War, the Italians occupied their country. Communist partisans fought Italian occupation forces, and after a long war, they took control of the country, constituting a regime that lasted until 1990, the year of the Berlin wall fall.

Culture

Art - Painting was strongly influenced by Byzantine art between the V and the XV century, although by the end of the early Renaissance, between the XV and XVII centuries, the Italian influence was very strong.
Architecture - the architectonic but old monuments in Albania are from the first millennium before Christ and were constructed by the Illyrians. Greek and the Romans who occupied Albania still constructed structures that are still visible in urban and rural landscapes.
Museums and Libraries - Albania has several museums of archaeology, ethnography and religious and nonreligious art.

Geography Albania has a total area of 28,748 km2 (11,100 sq mi). It shares a 172 km (107 mi) border with Montenegro to the northwest, a 115 km (71 mi) border with Kosovo[a] to the northeast, a 151 km (94 mi) border with Macedonia to the north and east, and a 282 km (175 mi) border with Greece to the south and southeast. Its coastline is 487 km (303 mi) long. The lowlands of the west face the Adriatic Sea and the strategically important Strait of Otranto, which puts less than 100 km (62 mi) of water between Albania and the heel of the Italian "boot" (links Adriatic Sea to Ionian Sea and Mediterranean Sea).  

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