History in Sydney

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Sydney, Australia may seem like a modern and international city, and it very much is, but this area has been inhabited for more than 30,000 years (thanks to the archaeological dating technique, radiocarbon dating). As far as we know, the first inhabitants of this area were a group of indigenous peoples named the Cadigal that spoke the language Darug, a language which is now dead because of colonization of the land. Most of the artifacts of these aborigines has been destroyed, though you can still see some of their engravings, carvings, and rock art near the cost at Sydney basin, etched into a type of sandstone found primarily in the Sydney area. 

Just 9 years before he was killed in Hawaii, the British Naval Captain James Cook sailed into Botany Bay in Sydney. Later, in 1788, a settlement in the area was founded by Arthur Phillip. Only one year after Phillip arrived, a disease thought to be smallpox ravaged Aborigines, making them grow hesitant about the foreign presence. After a resistance put up by the Aborigines, leaving a small amount left, a plan was set forth to take the indigenous people and disassociate them from their clans in an attempt to make them conform to British ideals. Although this took much away from the native inhabitants, the British did much to improve the operations of Sydney by instituting modern technology - bridges, public buildings, suburbs, and roads.

Although the Sydney Harbor Bridge and an underground railway were born during the time, the Depression hit Australia hard. With Australia having to follow the monetary suit of Britain, this forced a lot of changes in their terms of trade. After the economy hit the lowest of lows in 1932, an increase in industry brought the unemployment rate from a staggering 29% to 10% in only 7 years.

Soon after the end of the Second World War, Sydney's population rose and became more diverse as a large amount of European and Asian immigration was taking place. These new ideas also helped bring Sydney into the modern city that it is today. Although Sydney and Melbourne have been rivals to one another, in the 1900s Sydney grew and is still the largest city in Australia. There are still some old structures that attract many tourists in the present day, especially the Harbor Bridge and the Sydney Tower, the second tallest free-standing building in Sydney, which began construction in 1970-1981, not to mention the oldest museum in Australia entitled the Australian Museum, founded in 1845.

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