People in Vietnam

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Population: 76 236 259 (July 1998 est.)

Age structure:

0-14 years: 35% (male 13 570 312; female 12 796 687)

15-64 years: 60% (male 22 222 286; female 23 621 122)

65 years and over: 5% (male 1 613 103; female 2 412 749) (July 1998 est.)

Population growth rate: 1.43% (1998 est.)

Birth rate: 21.55 births/1 000 population (1998 est.)

Death rate: 6.69 deaths/1 000 population (1998 est.)

Net migration rate: -0.54 migrant(s)/1 000 population (1998 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female (1998 est.)

Infant mortality rate: 36.02 deaths/1 000 live births (1998 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 67.74 years

male: 65.37 years

female: 70.25 years (1998 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.5 children born/woman (1998 est.)

Nationality:

noun: Vietnamese (singular and plural)

adjective: Vietnamese

Ethnic groups: Vietnamese 85%-90% Chinese 3% Muong Tai Meo Khmer Man Cham

Religions: Buddhist Taoist Roman Catholic indigenous beliefs Islam Protestant Cao Dai Hoa Hao

Languages: Vietnamese (official) Chinese English French Khmer tribal languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 93.7%

male: 96.5%

female: 91.2% (1995 est.)

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