Practical Information in Sipalay

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The City of Sipalay is the second to the southernmost town in the province of Negros Occidental . It is bounded by the municipalities of Cauayan in the north, Hinobaan in the south, and Candoni in the east. To its west is the Sulu Sea. The city lies approximately 178 kilometers from the provincial capital of Bacolod City and can be reached via the national road from Bacolod to Hinobaan within 3 to 4 hours.

The City's total land area is 42,770 hectares or 427.7 square kilometers, with a coastline stretching some 45 kilometers long along its western side. Sipalay is politically subdivided into 17 barangays, five of which comprise the poblacion area or the urban core of the City (Barangays 1 to 5). Surrounding the poblacion are the barangays of Nauhang, Gil Montilla, Mambaroto and Maricalum while the barangays of Cabadiangan, Camindangan, Manlucahoc and Nabulao form the hilly to mountainous outskirts. At the northwestern side of the City are the barangays of Cartagena and Canturay, which are traversed by the national road leading to Bacolod . The last barangay at the southwestern portion is Cayhagan, which is linked to the southernmost municipality of Hinobaan via the national road. Barangay San Jose, commonly referred to as the mining town, lies at the upper portion of Gil Montilla east of Canturay and Cartagena.

The City falls within the Type 1 climate, with two pronounced seasons: dry from December to April and wet from May to November. The main atmospheric systems affecting rainfall are the southwest monsoon from June to September, the northeast monsoon from October to February and the easterly waves from March to April. However, the central mountains of Negros prevent the northeast monsoon and the easterly waves from (saturating the weather condition in Sipalay) October to April.

The average rainfall in Sipalay is 2,369 mm. Typhoons, local thermal convections and inter-tropical convergence zones contribute significantly to the total annual rainfall. At least 41 tropical cyclones have been recorded by PAGASA passing through Negros Island within the last 53 years (1948 – 2000), corresponding to an average of 82 tropical cyclones a year.

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November 28, 2006 new by bacolodnon (2 points)

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