History in Negros island

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Negros is the third largest island of Philippines. Located in the Visayas region of the Philippines, Negros is divided by a mountain range into two states called Negros Occidental and Negros Oriental. The major city of Negros Occidental is Bacolod, and the main language is llonggo. The main city of Negros Oriental is Dumaguete, and the language is Cebuano. Negros Island History is mainly unwritten--and unknown. The little history that is known is in fragments gathered from various sources.

Pre-historic Era

Negros was originally a part of the mainland Asia. According to scientists, it was separated from the mainland after the last ice age because of movement of the Tectonic plates. The original name of Negros was Buglas which means "cut off’ in the local language. The earliest humans that lived here were of Negrito origin and were black skinned.

Spanish Era

The island was first explored by Magellan in 1521, and was later invaded by the Spanish in 1565. They conquered major towns like Binalbagan and Ilog and started ruling the place. In 1572, King Philip II, a Spanish emperor, conferred the title of Negros to Juan Sebastian Elcano and his heirs. Today, their successors live in Negros Occidental. In 1734, the island was made a military district of Spain, and Ilog was made its capital. The capital was shifted to Bacolod in 1849. In 1890, the island was divided into two parts, namely, Negros Oriental and Negros Occidental.

Post-Spanish Era

In 1898 the Negrenese staged a revolt against the Spanish governor in Negros. The Spanish general Colonel Castro surrendered after seeing the huge armed forces of local people marching towards Bacolod. Then the region came under the protection of the Americans in 1901, and remained under American jurisdiction till 1930. The region stared developing  fast by virtue of its huge sugar production and export to other parts of the country and outside. The,, during World War II, the island suffered major devastation and mass murder, from which the region is still recovering.

Modern Era

After World War II, the region again started growing, mainly due to  its sugarcane industry. By 1980, 60% of the production of the Phillipines was coming from Negros. Unfortunately for the Negros, the sugar prices went rock-bottom in 1985, which caused Negros to go into deep financial crisis. This crisis was deepened by a draught in the following year. Many international bodies, as well as Philippines Government, helped Negros with financial aid. After 1990, both the Negros provinces started diversifying their strength from solely sugarcane to other types of crops and industries.

April 06, 2010 new by ashmita

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