People in Pakistan

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Nawaz Ali Khan

Population: 135 135 195 (July 1998 est.)

note: population figures based on 1981 national census results—1998 census results are pending

Age structure:

0-14 years: 42% (male 29 083 284;

female 27 425 172)

15-64 years: 54% (male 37 432 059; female 35 731 170)

65 years and over: 4% (male 2 716 739; female 2 746 771) (July 1998 est.)

Population growth rate: 2.2% (1998 est.)

Birth rate: 34.38 births/1 000 population (1998 est.)

Death rate: 10.69 deaths/1 000 population (1998 est.)

Net migration rate: -1.71 migrant(s)/1 000 population (1998 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.99 male(s)/female (1998 est.)

Infant mortality rate: 93.48 deaths/1 000 live births (1998 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 59.07 years

male: 58.23 years

female: 59.96 years (1998 est.)

Total fertility rate: 4.91 children born/woman (1998 est.)

Nationality:

noun: Pakistani(s)

adjective: Pakistani

Ethnic groups: Punjabi Sindhi Pashtun (Pathan) Baloch Muhajir (immigrants from India and their descendants)

Religions: Muslim 97% (Sunni 77% Shi'a 20%) Christian Hindu and other 3%

Languages: Punjabi 48% Sindhi 12% Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10% Pashtu 8% Urdu (official) 8% Balochi 3% Hindko 2% Brahui 1% English (official and lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries) Burushaski and other 8%

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 37.8%

male: 50%

female: 24.4% (1995 est.)

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