History in Lahore

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Lahore is not the capital of Pakistan hence it is Pakistan's second largest city. The estimated population size is 8.5 million. Legend has it that the origins of Lahore's name is rooted in Hindu mythology. Lahore is named after Loh or Lava who was the son of Rama a Hindu God who features as a hero in Hindu mythology. Evidence of this belief can be found today in Lahore Fort where there is a temple erected in honor of Rama.

Lahore is rich in art, film, academic institutes, architecture and gardens which have been cultivated throughout it's history. It is also the industrial center of Pakistan. Historically Lahore fell on a trade route that also provided a path for invasions and therefore it has a tumultuous history. It's rich culture and history has been influenced by the variety of leaders that have ruled Pakistan.

Muslim Era

The eleventh century saw the beginning of the Muslim era. During this era Lahore's cultural and academic institutes were developed.

Mughal Era

The Mughal era began in 1524. During the Mughal era palaces, mosques, architecture monuments and gardens were erected. Many of the monuments have been destroyed or damaged but evidence of this era is still visible today. The Royal Mosque was built during this period and it is the second largest mosque in Pakistan. The Alamgiri Gateway was erected during Mughal rule. The Lahore Fort was built during this time as well as a red brick wall that enclosed the city. Shalimar Gardens have their origins in this period. Shalmir gardens contain magnificent palaces, mosques, canals and flower beds. There are three terraces with ponds and waterfalls. Another historical site to visit is Jehangir KaMagbara's tomb. Jehangir KaMagbara was a Mughal emperor. Artifacts from this era can be found in Lahore Museum.

Sikh Era


During the 18th century Lohor came under Sikh rule. Throughout the 1940's there was war between different Sikh leaders to gain control of Lahore. Many Islamic monuments were destroyed. In 1799 peace was restored and there was an attempt to restore monuments. British Rule The British came into power during 1849. This is reflected in the Mughal-Gothic architecture that can be viewed in Lahore. Independence Pakistan declared independence in 1947. The Minar-e-Pakistan was built as a tribute to an independent Pakistan and it is a national monument of Pakistan. It rises 60 meters into the air from a beautifully sculptured base. In modern times Lahore has faced terror attacks since 2008.
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