Bargarh Travel Guide

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ruin palace of ghess jamindar

ruin palace of ghess jamindar


It's a small business town and district in Western Orissa on NH6 connecting Mumbai/Calcutta. There is an engineering college, a cement factory, a govt. co-ed college, an women's college, several schools and some health care facilities. Its famous for the Sambalpuri Handloom fabrics.

The district has an area of 5832 km², and a population of 1,345,601, with a population density of 231 persons per km². The district was carved out of the erstwhile district of Sambalpur. All-season irrigation from Hirakud dam on the Mahanadi River makes the northern half of Bargarh District rich in agriculture, mostly rice.

The district is famous for a 10-day long open-stage drama, Dhanuyatra, based on the life and times of Lord Krishna, culminating in the death of King Kansa. It is also famous for centuries old handloom industry manufacturing a trade-mark textile form called Sambalpuri.

The people speak Sambalpuri, a dialect of Oriya. There is a 13th century temple at Nrusinghnath where, as the only instance of its kind in the world, Lord Vishnu is worshipped in a feline incarnation.


The Bargarh district lies between 20 43 to 21 41 North latitude and 82 39 to 83 58 East longitude. It is one of the western most districts of the State of Orissa and came in to existence as a district from 1st April 1993. It is bounded on the north by the State of Chhatisgarh and on the east by the district of Sambalpur, on the south lies the district of Balangir and Subarnapur and on the west the district of Nawapara. The district has an area of 5837 Sq.Kms. The population of the district as per 2001 census is 134.6 Millions out of which 68.1 millions are male and 66.5 millions are female.


The Bargarh district can be divided into 3 natural divisions, (1) Bargarh Plain (2) Borasambar (3) Ambabhona & Lakhanpur. The greater portion is an open plain of considerable fertility drained by the Danta and the Jira, the two tributaries of Mahanadi. To the north of this plain runs the Barapahar range of hills and to the south-west lie the valley of river Ong (Ang). The Bargarh plain is not a flat alluvial tract but an expanse of undulating country sloping down from the Barapahar hills in the north, to the Mahanadi valley in the east. It contains a good portion of the cultivated land of the district and its undulating character affords excellent scope for irrigation reservoirs. The soil is a mixture of sand and gravel as well as of clay. Its a good rice soil and unlike the more fertile black cotton soil it grows few seeds and does not harbour dangerous insect pests. This tract is nowhere bare of vegetation and the villages are found embowered with mango groves.

The Borasambar (Padampur) tract lies to the south-west of the Bargarh plain. It is bounded by the high hills on the north and south and the intervening plain is drained by river Ong (Ang), the valley of which particularly in the eastern portion is best suited to agriculture. Its soil contains some river slit and enriched by hill drainage.

The Ambabhona and Lakhanpur area is cut off from the rest of Bargarh plain by a long spur of the Barapahar hills running south-west for a distance of nearly 48 Km. This hill forms a barrier to communication with the rest of the district. Ambabhona is a fairly level tract sloping down from the hills to the river Mahanadi and is under close cultivation. Lakhanpur is a wide valley sorrounded by forest clad hills and is also closely cultivated.


The climate of this district is characterised by a very hot dry summer and well distributed rains in the south-west monsoon season. The cold season commences from November and lasts till the end of February. The hot season follows thereafter and continues till about the second week of June. the south-west monsoon season is from mid June to the end of September


The South Eastern Railways runs through this district covering 46 K.Ms. N.H.6 linking Mumbai to Kolkotta passes through Bargarh dist. covering 96.3 K.Ms. There are 5303 K.M. of G.P.Roads, , 117 no. of R.D. roads covering 1105.26 K.Ms, 112.792 K.M. major dist. roads, 138.8 K.M. State Highway and 135.05 K.M. other dist. roads in this district.


The Barapahar (literaly, 12 hills) are the main hill range in the Bargarh district covering an area over 777 Sq.Km. and attaining a height of 2,267 feet (691.1 m.) at the peak of Debrigarh. Debrigarh is one of the few hills of the range offering level ground and good water supply near the summit. It is one of the best hill sites in the district suitable for health resort. The river Mahanadi formed a lake in geological times to the north of the this range till in burst and the lake emptied. The Hirakud Dam (in Sambalpur district) has reconstructed the barrier and repeated the ancient lake.

The second group of hills is the Gandhamardhan range running along the southern boundary of the ex-Zamindari of Borasambar, separating it from Bolangir district. The hill range rises to 2,000-3,000 feet (629.60 m to 914.40m) in height and reaches its highest point (3,234 feet or 985.72m) in the peak of Nrushinghanath, one of the picturesque places in the district. Another range braches off to the west of Nrushinghanath running first north-south and then north-east near Jagdalpur, where it is broken by the Ong (Ang) river. Another range runs eastward to Tal and then to the north-east forming the boundary between the district and Raipur of Chhatisgarh.

The major rivers in the district are tributaries of Mahanadi river. Jira and Jhaun rivers flow through the Bargarh district and join the river Mahanadi in the extreme south of the district. The Jira has main tributary, the Danta which joins it a few miles north of its confluence with the Mahanadi near the village Gandturum in Bheden.

The other river that flows through the district is Ong (Ang) which rises in the Nawapara district and enters Borasambar (Padampur) at its extreme south-west corner. It flows through in a wide-semi-circle from west to east and leaves the district a few miles to the east of Gaisilat eventually joining

There are natural springs at Nrushinghanath at the foot of Gandhamardhan hills of Padampur subdivision forming streams flowing in cascades down the steep hill side. The waterfalls are called Kapil dhar, Bhim dhar and Chal dhar, which are considered to be very sacred. In the Barapahar hills there are a few springs notable among them is the one near the village Ghens.

There are many tanks in the district, some of which serve the purpose of irrigation. Notable among them are the Victoria Sagar near Ghens, Yogimunda in Barpali and Ranisagar in Bijepur.

Tourist attractions:

Sambalpuri handloom industry in nearby villages. Various top level national awardees for this handloom craft are residents nearby this village

Dhanu Jatra - World's biggest open air theatre festival that is held for 10 days during November/ December depicting Krishna's life story. The entire township becomes the Demon King's kingdom and festival ends after Krishna killing the Kansa and reinstating peace & harmony.

Narsinghnath: A place of historic & medical interest, 108 Kms from BargaD. A 12th century Vishnu Temple, Ayurveda College and Medical Centre providing traditional Indian treatments.


November 09, 2006 change by giorgio

January 25, 2010 change by swadhin meher, belpara

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