Budgam Travel Guide

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Covering an area of 1,371 sq. km., Budgam is the smallest district in J&K, accounting for nearly 1% of the total area of the state and 6% of its population. It is bounded by the districts of Baramulla and Srinagar in the north, Pulwama in the south and the Poonch border in the south-west. District Budgam offers many stunning locales and has tremendous tourism potential that has largely remained untapped so far. The nearly 3-crore Yousmarg road connectivity project, that is currently under execution will make Yousmarg more accessible and pave the way for the due recognition of many similar locales of Budgam. The other attractive places that can be visited are Tosamaidan, Nilnag and Khag. Budgam district came into existence as a separate independent administrative unit in 1970-80. The District consists of three Tehsils i.e, Budgam, Chadoora and Beerwah covering 496 Villages. The approximate latitudinal and longitudinal limits of the District are 34` N and 75` E respectively. The general topography of the area is both mountainous and plain. While the Southern and South-Western parts are mostly hilly, the eastern and northern parts are plain.
The average height of the mountains is 1610 meters. The soil is loose and mostly denuded Karewas dot the landscape. The Climate of the district is of temperature type. The average rainfall is 585 mm per annum. The estimated population of the District was 2.96 lakhs in 1971 which went upto 3.67 lakhs as per 1981 Census, thereby reflection decciniel growth of 36.51 percent. The projected population is estimated at 4.97 lakhs for 1991. The Urban population forms 14 percent of total population as against 21 percent for the entire state. The Urbanisation is progressing at a high pace in areas of the district forming part of the Srinagar Municipal limits both due to out migration from the congested area of old Srinagar City and Urban pull of Srinagar city as a growth Centre for the entire valley. The density of population in the District was 470 persons per square Kilometers in 1971 and 363 persons per Sq. Kilometers in 1981. The corresponding figure at State level is 76 souls per Sq. Kilometer in 1981. The total number of main workers as per 1981 Census was 1.20 lakhs constituting 32.81 % of the total population. The percentage of cultivators and agricultural labourers is as large as 58.39 % of the total working force including the marginal workers engaged in Animal Husbandry, Fisheries, Forestry and Household Industry it works out to 77.90 percent of total workers population of the District. As is true for the State as a whole, the proportion of workers engaged in Household Industry has registered a marked increase to 8.90% in the district. The educational scenario in the District is gloomy. The number of educational Institutions in the District has gone upto 761 including 8 mobile Schools for Gujjar boys as against 694 in 1990-91. There is therefore a School for every 714 souls at 1992-93 population level. According to 1981 Census the literacy level of the District is 17.86 percent (26.51 percent Males and 8.02 percent Females ). The total population of 3.67 persons in the District in 1981 consisted of 1.95 males and 1.72 females. Thus there were 885 women for every 1000 men.

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