History in Jammu and Kashmir

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The Interesting Jammu and Kashmir History

Jammu and Kashmir history is colorful and dates back to the reign of King Ashoka.

Establishment of the State

Located at the northernmost part of India, Jammu and Kashmir border Pakistan and China. The history of the state is riddled with territorial wars. King Ashoka of the Maurya Dynasty established the state and introduced Buddhism. In the second century A.D., the Kushan Empire took over the area. The irrigation process was introduced by the Lalitaditya Muktapida Dynasty, and the Mughal Empire came next with the introduction of Islam.

Anglo-Sikh War

After the first Anglo-Sikh War, the Raja Gulab Singh purchased Kashmir from the East India Company in the Treaty of Amritsar, integrating Jammu and Kashmir under one ruler. The British were trying to interfere with the Sikhs Empire that resulted to the second Anglo-Sikh War. The influence of the British government in Jammu and Kashmir is reflected in a few of the structures erected in the area.

Indo-Pakistani War

In 1965 and 1971, Pakistan and India went to war because of territorial claims. Kashmir was considered a highly prized conquest and was witness to the bloody wars. The first war ended in a stalemate which the United Nations neutralized. The second war was an Indian triumph. The sad thing is that many civilians were caught in the crossfire. The 1971 triumph of India over Pakistan brought about a new, more stable era between both countries. There have been rare instances during the past years, although rebels appear in the Kashmir-Jammu borders. Travelers should stay in groups or with a valid tour guide near the border areas.

Kargil War

Located in Jammu and Kashmir, Kargil was the site of another Indo-Pakistani war in 1999, which the Indian Army won over the Pakistan army. This explains why, even if Jammu and Kashmir are predominantly Muslim, you can find the remarkable centers of Hinduism and Buddhism in the area. The awesome ruins of Buddhist monasteries and temples in Panderathan, Bagh Bahu and Leh are silent witnesses to the history of Jammu and Kashmir. These are superb structures that tourists may want to visit. The scenic places around Jammu and Kashmir have unprecedented beauty that justifies historians calling the state a “Paradise."


The Foundation of Jammu is attributed to King Jambulochan of the 9th Century. King Jambulochan saw a Tiger and a Goat drinking water from the same spot at river Tawi, He constructed a Fort at the same spot, which is believed to be known as today's Bahu Fort. The temple of Maha kali was built after Maharaja Gulab Singh in 1822. In 1851, Maharaja Gulab Singh started the construction of the Famous Raghunath Mandir and after Six Years, inaugerated by his son Ranbir Singh. Today this famous temple is known as Raghunath Temple which is in the Heart of City.

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