Hansi Travel Guide

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Hansi From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search For the French artist "Oncle Hansi", see Jean-Jacques Waltz. For the German musician known as '"Hansi", see James Last. For the village in Estonia, see Hansi, Estonia. Hansi —  city  — Hansi Location of Hansi
in Haryana and India Coordinates 29°06′N 75°58′ECoordinates: 29°06′N 75°58′E Country India State Haryana District(s) Hisar Population 75,730 (2001) Time zone IST (UTC+05:30) Area

• Elevation


• 207 metres (679 ft)

Codes[show]

Hansi is a city and a municipal council in Hisar district in the Indian state of Haryana. Its 2011 population is estimated to be 134,568. It is located at a distance of 16 miles (26 km) east of Hisar on National Highway 10. Geographically, it is semi-arid with around 46 cm of annual rainfall. It appears that at one time Hansi was larger, more prosperous and more important than Hisar. The town has several important buildings of archeological importance. It is also avery influential sub-caste of Arain.

Contents 1 The City2 History3 Geography4 Demographics5 Economy 5.1 Offices5.2 Banks5.3 Education5.4 Communication and Transportation 5.4.1 Road5.4.2 Railways 5.5 Real Estate 6 References7 External links The City

The city of Hansi has five gates of entry – Delhi Gate (East), Hisar Gate (West), Gosain Gate (North-west), Barsi Gate(South) and Umra Gate (South west). The peculiarity of this town is that its altitude increases after entry from any of the gates. Deserts guard this city towards its west (cities like Tosham, Devsar, Khanak).

Another prominent feature of this ancient city is its fort. Extended in an area of 30 acres (120,000 m2), it is square in shape and has security posts in all the four corners. The fort is said to be that of Great King Prithvi Raj Chauhan. Later, son of King Anangpal, Drupad established sword manufacturing factory in this fort, hence it is also called "Asigarh". Swords from this fort were exported as far away as to Arab countries. As per Talif-e-Tajkara-e-Hansi by Qazi Sharif Husain in 1915, around 80 forts across the area were controlled from this centre "ASIGARH". During the period of Firoz Shan Tuglaq, an underground tunnel was constructed connecting the present Hansi to Hisar. Gate of fort has horrifying figures of gods, and pictures of gods, goddesses, birds can also be seen on the walls of the fort. The entry gate of the fort was built by George Thomas. This fort was declared a Protected Monument of National Importance in 1937 by the Archeological Survey, the present ASI, and is still in good condition, a must visit site for all archeologists.

Right in front of the Fort, ancient statues of "Jain Gods" like Mahavira and Gautama Buddha are placed. These statues are worth $1 million as calculated by the Archeologists.

The Sikhs Captured Hansi Area in 1778, and Establshed a Sikh State for some time in this Area until Hansi Fell to the Maratha Empire.

Industrially also, Hansi is very advanced. For example, industries like Alfon, LCI are doing great progress in their respective fields.

History

As far as the history of this town is concerned , it find its mention in Panini's Mahabharat as ASI/ASIKA as it was area of Asiagh Jats. Though the origin of this city is wrapped in controversies, some prominent names and documentary proof like "Majkura Hansi" describe it as being founded by ill daughter Hansivati/Ambavati of Prithvi Raj Chauhan. Others say it as being found by King Anangpal Tomar for his guru "Hansakar" (957AD).

A large hoard of Jaina bronzes was accidentally discovered at Hansi in February 1982. These include idols that may belong to the Gupta period, while most belonged to 7–8th century. They were apparently buried underground before the impending attack by Masud in 1037 CE. Masud put to sword men of Hansi and took women into slavery who were later sold at Gazni.[1]

In 1192, after the defeat of Prithvi Raj Chauhan by Mohammed Gauri, Hindu rule ended here. This was the time when non-Muslims were not permitted to settle here. Slowly, Hansi lost its importance and is remembered only as a Fort. Delhi started becoming the center of attention. Dr. Bhup Singh, historian, has written "Hansi ka Etias" History of Hansi, a book published by Rotary International. He has also written 2 other books and has been linked to a number of local social originations.

Shahjahan also came to Hansi, met the famous Hindu saint Jagganath Puri samadha hansi and after his approval Hindus were allowed to settle in Hansi. In addition to the Hindus, Hansi had Muslims and a few Jains (that inhabited Hansi during this Mughal rule).

Guru Gobind Singh came to Hansi in 1705 and inspired Hindus to revolt. In 1707, Veer Lakshman Singh (Banda Bahadur) attacked Hansi and punished Muslims. Hansi was under Maratha rule in 1736 and after 3rd battle of Panipat in 1761 was lost to Ahmed Shah Abdali. Maharaja Jassa Singh Ramgarhia in 1780s also Took this area under his Control fro some years and then Left it.

Raham Ali ibn Mohammad Hussain ibn Maulana Abul Khair of Palwal was martyred along with Aulia Khan Balooch at Pargana Hansi.[2] Raham Ali was brother-in-law of Qazi Syed Mohammad Rafi.

George Thomas (soldier), an Irish adventurer who rose from an ordinary sailor to become an independent king, formed Hansi as his capital. Hansi came under British East India Company rule in 1802. From 1819–1832, Hansi was District HQ which was later shifted to Hisar in 1832.

Hansi is known for its famous sweet "Pera" which is made from milk and is sent to many other towns and cities for retail selling.

In 1947 when British India was divided into Pakistan and India, a large number of Muslims from hansi including Syeds and Ranghars migrated to Pakistan from Hansi city and their villages (some of them are Balyalli, Khanig). Pakistani cricket player Inzamamul-Haq's parents migrated to Pakistan after partition.[3]

Hansi was also the headquarters of Colonel James Skinner CB (1778 – 4 December 1841) the Anglo-Indian military adventurer in India, who became known as Sikandar Sahib.

Geography

Hansi is located at 29.1°N 75.97°E.[4] It has an average elevation of 207 metres (679 ft).

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[5] Hansi had a population of 75,730. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Hansi has an average literacy rate of 68%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 73%, and female literacy is 61%. In Hansi, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Economy

The Economy is based on Agriculutral and Allied Activities,Service Sector.The city has various cotton yarn mills and animal feed mills.

Offices Judicial ComplexSub Divisional Officer (Civil), HansiDy. Supdt. of police, HansiTahsildar, HansiS.H.O, HansiS.H.O Sadar, HansiAsstt. Exise & taxation Officer, HansiBlock Education Officer, HansiBlock Elementary Education Officer, HansiC.D.P.O, HansiAsstt. Public Relation Officer, HansiBlock Development Punchayat Officer, HansiAsstt. Treasury Officer, HansiSecretary, Market Camatee, HansiE.O, Municipal Council, HansiEmployment Officer, HansiA.R.O HansiS.D.O, Public Health, HansiS.D.O, P.W.D, HansiS.D.O, D.H.B.V.N.L, Hansi

<Vinit Kumar, Section Officer>

Banks

The City has various Banks : -

State Bank of India, Hansistate Bank of India, Modal Town, HansiState Bank of Patiala, HansiPunjab National Bank, Subji Mandi, HansiPunjab National Bank, Barsi Gate, HansiH.D.F.C Bank, HansiI.C.I.C.I Bank, HansiCanra Bank, HansiAllhabad Bank, HansiHaryana Gramin Bank, HansiUnited Bank of India, HansiThe Hisar Co-Op. Bank, HansiCentral Bank of India, Hansi

<Vinit Kumar, Section Officer>

Education

The city has various schools:

D.V.N Public School, HansiShree Krishan Pranami Public School, HansiP.C.S.D. High School, HansiS.D Modern Public School, HansiS.D Girls Sr. Sec. School, HansiShree Kali Devi Vidya Mandir School, HansiD.P.S HisarSubhash Tayal Public School, HansiBaba Banda Bahadur Public School, HansiMamta Public School, HansiL.D.S.D. Public School, HansiCity Senior Secondary School, HansiGovt. High School, Multan Nagar Colony, HansiS.L.S Govt. Girls Sr. Sec. School, HansiGovt. Sr. Sec. School HansiSainik Public School, HansiGeeta Public School, HansiRose Marry Public school, HansiGenus Public School, HansiActivity Public School, HansiManwati Arya Kanya High School, HansiShahid Bhagat Singh High School, HansiSant Gyaneshwer High School, Hansi

<Vinit Kumar, Section Officer>

The city has three colleges:

S.D. Girls collegeNehru CollegeUniversal Institute of Technology

The coaching industry is also Booming on back of Better Disposable incomes and better job prospects in Engg. sector.

Communication and Transportation Road

Hansi is situated on NH-10.which is proposed to be 4 lane from currently being 2 lane.City also has well build Bus stand with bus routes to nearly all major cities of Northern india.Nearby villages are also extensively connected through road.

Railways

Not well popular mode of transport in hansi as railway station is located in remote location. Also not many passenger train pass.

Real Estate

Hansi has a very Bubbling Real Estate Sector.Flat system is still in nascent stages.The collector rate is generally half the market price which promotes Black money.

Part or or all of this text stems from the original article at: http://en.wikipedia.org