History in SilvassaEdit This
One can find traces of Portuguese art and culture in Silvassa
History. It is the capital town of Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Union
Territory in India.
During British colonial rule in India many rulers opposed the British
rule and lend their support to the Mughal Empire in India. The Marathas
and the Peshwas were the powerful rulers in Western India at that
time and they fought the British. To keep the British at bay, they
signed a peace treaty with the Portuguese in 1779. According to this
historic friendship treaty the Portuguese were given 72 villages then
called parganas in bargain of military support to fight against the
British. These parganas were annexed by the Marathas from the Koli
chiefs and given to Portuguese.
The Portuguese were allowed to collect revenue in compensation for
their loss of warship, which was captured by the Marathas and not
surrendered even after their entreaties. The Portuguese ruled the
territory until the people of the region liberated themselves on 2nd
In the year 1961, the region merged in Indian Republic as Dadra and
Nagar Haveli comprising of 72 villages along the foothills of the
Western Ghats sandwiched between Gujrat and Maharashtra state of India.
Since then, the region has been administered as one of the Union Territories
of India with Silvassa as the capital town.
Initially, it was an agricultural region with the cultivation of paddy
and fruits like mango and banana as the main crops. Almost 40 percent
of the region was under forest cover providing livelihood to the tribal
population. However, with the introduction to industrialization in the
year 1967-1968 many modern industries have set up their base here.
Silvassa has tuned out to be a major industrial hub with big industries like Reliance, Hindalco, Gulf Oil, Hindustan Unilever setting their base here. The initial tax free status has contributed to the industrial growth in the region.
Today Silvassa has come a long way from being a tribal region to a
cosmopolitan township with people from all over the country coming here
to earn their livelihood. Tourism is well developed here with tribal
culture and forest wildness as the major attraction.