Guntur Travel Guide

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Guntur is located in a fertile area where cotton, rice, tobacco, and cashew nuts are grown. Founded by the French in the 18th century, the city was ceded to a local ruler in 1766 and to the British in 1788; the cession was confirmed in 1823. The name is sometimes spelled Guntar. Guntur is an industrial town famous for educational institutions, largest production of tobaco and mirch.


The earliest reference to Guntur, a variant of Guntur , comes from the Idern plates of Ammaraja I ( 922 - 929 ), the Vengi Chalukyan King. The Kingdom of Prati Palaputra of 500 BCE (current Bhattiprolu), appears to be the earliest known kingdom in the region. Guntur also appears in another two inscriptions dated 1147 and 1158 . The original Sanskrit name (ancient Vedic culture/tradition) for Guntur is Garthapuri . The place of Sitanagaram and Guthikonda Caves [1] can be traced (through Vedic Puranas ) back to the last Treta - Yuga and Dwapara - Yuga (Traditional Time scale: 1.7 to 0.5 million years ago, Ref ). The region also has been historically known for Buddhism .

Further information: Guntur District#History and in a Paleolithic aspect. Also check Timeline of Guntur .

More recently, the region was under Nizam's rule prior to the colonial period. During the colonial rule, Guntur was under the control of French and then to British till India's independence.

A park place in Guntur. Modern Guntur

The original Guntur used to be located where the current 'Old Guntur' exists. Over the last 50-100 years, the city has expanded specifically to north, called New Guntur [2] . The current size of the city can be put at an inner radius of 5 miles. The 'Greater Guntur' (though conceptual at its current stage) comprises the surrounding sub-urban areas spanning all the way to the Krishna Bridge (around 17+ miles), border of the Guntur-Krishna districts. New townships are sprawling in this 'Greater Guntur' region [3] [4] .

At its peak

Though optimistic, Guntur region (like most/all of India) currently is not at its peak. But future of this region does hold some promising results. Like the emerging India in the 21st century (which initially was not plausible to many), its cities like Guntur seem to have brighter future. Guntur like the rest of India had flourished in the past.

Guntur City and its region is a major commercial center in India. Cotton, tobacco and chilli are some of the major commodities that are exported from here to various parts of the world. The corporate headquarters of Tobacco Board India , a Government of India enterprise, is located in Guntur. The chillies that are grown in this region are some of the hottest in the world, and are in constant competition with the chillies grown in Mexico to be in the first place. There is a plan to start the Spices Board or Chilli Board [8] . The cotton that grows in the region is used in making some of the finest sarees in India, (Guntur & Managalagiri sarees)

Textile Hub and Industries

The industrial development in the Guntur Region is of medium scale. On the positive note the region has minimal industrial and related pollution as compared to major cities in the country. Here are some of the industries in the area: textile mills /handloom, silk , Sangam Dairy, cement factories, Andhra Fertilizers, jute mills, granite industries, diamond and other ore processing (Hindustan Zinc Limited), Auto-Nagar and Software /IT Companies. A textile hub is being developed on the south-west side of the city [9] , and the government is encouraging setting up of new industries. Possible future plans: BioTech Park , Knowledge Park.

Forestation , Green Guntur In Progress

The Social Forestry of Guntur is on the works to make the region greener; Guntur [10] (otherwise as per stats only 35% of the forests in the district has survived, a common issue throughout India). It is taking many initiatives and working closely with other parties like ITC Limited in meeting the goals. As part of the Green Guntur project they have planted 1 crore plants in the Guntur City. The city's UDA is also developing many medium and small size parks throughout the city.

Farm lands

The Guntur Region (Krishna Delta) is one of the most fertile lands in India. With the River Krishna flowing around the district, it has many farm lands and paddy fields growing varieties of rice and other food grains. The Guntur Branch Canal (GBC) and other smaller rivers serve water to the farm lands in the region.


October 23, 2006 change by giorgio

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