History in Andaman and nicobar islands

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The Andaman and Nicobar Islands history has seen many fascinating events, several conflicting cultures, and multiple colonizations and re-colonizations. Below is a brief summary of what the Andaman and Nicobar Islands have experienced over the years.


Marco Polo originally discovered the Islands in 1290 A.D. while on his way to China. He referred to the Islands as "Angamanian." Polo told the world that Angamanian was a very large island, with the people living without a king to rule them. He said the men there were like mastiff dogs, and ate everyone they could catch of another race.

The few more European travelers visited the Andaman and Nicobar Islands after Marco Polo. In 1322 A.D., Friar Odoric called the people there "dog-faced cannibals." In the fifteenth century, Nicolo Conti paid a visit to the Islands, as did Captain Alexander Hamilton at the beginning of eighteenth century. Captain Hamilton shared Polo's and Odoric's opinion toward the "savage" people residing on the islands.


The Andaman and Nicobar Islands were the home of the Negritos and Mongoloids centuries before their colonization at the end of 18th century. The Negritos were the inhabitants of Andaman, and comprised Great Andamanese, Onges, Jarawas, and Sentinelese. The Mongoloids were the inhabitants in Nicobar, and included Nicobarese and Shompens.

But in 1788, Lord Cornwallis, the Governor General of India, decided he'd like to colonize the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and instructed the Royal Navy to survey the area.  In 1789, after recieving a positive recommendation about the Islands, the British settled on Chatham Island near Port Cornwallis (Port Blair).

The British used the Islands as a penal colony, where they jailed people who dissented against the British rule in India. But ironically, they abandoned this settlement a few years later in 1796. A second, more successful British colonization occurred in 1858. The british set up a Cellular Jail on Port Blair for people belonging to the Indian independence movement.

The Islands remained untouched until the time the Japanese occupied them in World War II. After World War II, Japanese stayed on the Islands until local tribes used Guerrilla warfare to drive them out.

Indian Control 

The Andaman and Nicobar Islands made a revolutionary change in December of 1943, when the Indian nationalist Netaji Subhash Chadra Bose unfurled the Indian Flag at Port Blair. Once India gained independence from Britain in August 1947, the English left the shores of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands were incorporated as a Union territory  of India in 1950, and have remained so ever since.

March 25, 2010 change by nik.singh31

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