History in Al AinEdit This
Al Ain Historical Past & Present
The area is rich in underground water springs, one of the reasons the area was settled originally. It still uses the ancient falaj system to irrigate many areas by passing water through a network of tunnels and open channels. Al Ain was originally known as Tawam and Al Buraimi oasis, and the current name of the city means “water spring.”
Al Ain has the largest Emirati national population in the country, but even so the majority of the city’s residents are Indian subcontinent expatriates, mainly from Pakistan. Teeming with parks, roundabouts, and foliage-lined streets, the city is often referred to as the “Garden City of the Gulf.” Camel racing and breeding are both traditional activities in the city that give insight into its cultural past. Visitors today can view this traditional form of commerce at the Camel Souq daily.
Al Ain is home to a large fort, the Al Ain Fort, that was built to protect the city from raiders. It was the base for Sheikh Zayed before he rose to prominence as the Sheikh of Abu Dhabi. There are also numerous other forts scattered throughout the city and its outlying areas that are in different states of reconstruction that give an insight into the city’s long and varied past. Many of these forts have been excavated or are undergoing excavation and reconstruction and some are open to the public for viewing.
Al Ain is also home to the largest of many oases in the area comprised of thousands of date palms.
Al Ain Border Crossing
Up until September 14, 2006, the border crossing between Oman and Al Ain was open. Since then however, the border closed and now requires those wishing to cross to clear immigration when entering and exiting the country.