People in Israel

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Yemenite Jewish man blowing a goat's horn

Yemenite Jewish man blowing a goat's horn


Population: 6,900,000(may 2005 est.)

Age structure:

0-14 years: 28% (male 814 558; female 776 630)

15-64 years: 62% (male 1 751 111; female 1 745 499)

65 years and over: 10% (male 239 658; female 316 510) (July 1998 est.)

Population growth rate: 1.91% (1998 est.)

Birth rate: 19.99 births/1 000 population (1998 est.)

Death rate: 6.19 deaths/1 000 population (1998 est.)

Net migration rate: 5.25 migrant(s)/1 000 population (1998 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female (1998 est.)

Infant mortality rate: 8.02 deaths/1 000 live births (1998 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 78.41 years

male: 76.52 years

female: 80.39 years (1998 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.71 children born/woman (1998 est.)


noun: Israeli(s)

adjective: Israeli

Ethnic groups: Jewish 82% (Israel-born 50% Europe/Americas/Oceania-born 20% Africa-born 7% Asia-born 5%) non-Jewish 18% (mostly Arab) (1993 est.)

Religions: Judaism 82% Islam 14% (mostly Sunni Muslim) Christian 2% Druze and other 2%

Languages: Official: Hebrew and Arabic. English most commonly used foreign language.


definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 95%

male: 97%

female: 93% (1992 est.)

Geographical breakdown: Jews live in every part of the country. More interestingly is where the minorities live.

Bedouins: These nomadic people are found all over the South in the Negev desert. Almost all are Muslim with a small size of Christians around Mt. Sinai (St. Catherine). There are also Bedouins in the Galil (North) and the center of the country.

Sunni Muslims: The largest centers of Sunni Muslims are found on the hills of the center of the country and in the major cities of Nazareth, Haifa, Jerusalem, and Acko.

Christians: There are over twenty denominations of Christians in Israel. Christians are found in almost every corner of Israel but especially in the Galil, Jerusalem, and major cities such as Haifa and Tel Aviv-Jaffa. These Christian communities are a must on anyone's visit. Their towns are clean and picturesque. The largetst groups are the Greek Orthodox (70,000) followed by Greek Catholic (30,000), Roman Catholic (20,000), Maronites (8,000), Syrian Coptic (4,000), Armenian Orthodox (4,000), Armenian Catholic (1,000), Assyrian and Chaldean (1,000), and a few smaller groups.

Druze: The secretive mountain people known as the Druze (Druse) originated in Egypt. After their persecution by Muslims, the Druze fled to the highest mountains of the Near East to escape further persecution and defend themselves. The largest Druze population is found in Lebanon. In Israel they number around 120,000. Most live in the Galilee, the Carmel Mountians, and the Golan.

Shia Muslims: The Shia and Alawi are two sects that broke off from Sunni Islam similar to the way Protestants broke away from Catholicism. There is a very interesting community of Shia Muslims in a neighborhood of Haifa called Kababir. They have one of the most impressive Mosques in the world. There are a few other small communities scattered around of Shia. Also, there is one Alawi village in the Golan called Rajar. The Alawi are a dominant force in Syria (President Assad is Alawi).

Circassians: The Circassians are Muslims who were brought by the Ottoman empire from the Caucus Mountains of Russia to protect Ottoman interests in the Near East. The Circassians have a reputation for being fierce warriors and have served bravely in the Israeli army. There are only about 4,000 of them in two town in the Galilee: Kfar Cama and Reihania.

Bahai: There is a small group of Bahai followers in Haifa and Acko. The Bahai faith has over thirty million followers worldwide.

Samaritans: There is a tiny group of Samaritans (600) who live in Holon and Nablus. Yes, these are the same Samaritans from the expression "Good Samaritans."

Foreign Workers: Estimates number around 200,000. Most of the foreign workers are Thai, Chinese, Romanian, African, and Pilippino.

March 03, 2006 change by markintelaviv (4 points)

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