Yazd Travel Guide

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Jam Mosque

Jam Mosque

Ehsan Pahloosai from Shiraz - Iran

Yazd is a pretty old town and has always played a major role in Persia's long long history. Surprisingly enough, Yazd never made it to capital of an empire during all those centuries. However there are enough historical monuments for any travelers taste.

The tomb of Sayyid Rukn ad-Din dates form the 14-th century. The Time and Hour (Vaqt-u-Saat) Mosque is all that remains of a complex erected to his orders known as the Institute of Time and the Hour whose mechanical devices made it one of the wonders of the age.

The Friday Mosque is one of the major sights. Crowned by the highest minarets of all mosques in Persia, the protal's facade is decorated from top to bottom in dazzling tilework, predominantly blue in color. Within there is a long arcaded court where, behind a deep-set south-east Ivan, is a sanctuary chamber. This chamber, under a squat tiled dome, is exquisited decorated with faience mosaic: its tall faience Mihrab, dated 1365, is one of the finest of its kind in existence. The Mosque was largely rebuilt between 1324 and 1365, and is one of the outstanding 14th century buildings in Persia. The tilework has recently been skilfully restored and a modern library built to house the mosque's valuable collection of books and manuscripts.

The Bazaar is great for shopping, but the entrance is a an attraction in its own right. The twin minarets rival those of the Jami' Mosque, while the entire facade is decorated with glazed titles and plaster stalactite vaulting. The wooden framework is decorated and carried during the procession for the mourning for Imam Husayn.

The "Fire Temple" is one of the most important remaining temples of the Zorroastrians a religion older than Christianity or Islam. The initiated meet there, but nobody apart form the Grand Priest, a descendant of the Magi, reciting the Avesta, has access to the Saint of Saints where for th past 3000 years a fire burns in a brazen vessel. The fire itself is a representation of what is good. The "Towers of Silence" are used by the Zoroastrians as part of their burial ceremony. They overlook an impressive desert and mountain landscape.

A special attraction of Yazd are the windtowers. Yazd can get very very hot in the summer and in earlier days when there was no such thing as aircon they had windtowers: high chimenys acting as air-vents bring some comfort to these dwellings.

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Houses of Yazd T he city of Yazd’s first mention in historic records predate it back to around 3000 years B.C. when it was related to by the name of Ysatis, and was then part of the domain of Medes, an ancient settler of Iran.

In the course of history due to its distance from important capitals and its harsh natural surrounding, Yazd remained immune to major troops' movements and destruction from wars, therefore it kept many of its traditions, city forms and architecture until recent times.

During the invasion of Genghis Khan in the early 1200’s A.D. Yazd became a safe haven and home for many artists, intellectuals and scientists fleeing their war ravaged cities around Persia.

Yazd was visited by Marco Polo in 1272, who described it as a good and noble city and remarked its silk production. Isolated from any approach by a huge tract of monotonous desert, the vibrancy of Yard is invariably a surprise.

Wind Towers of Yazd Although more often described as the entrance to a now non-existent bazaar, the chief function of this building known as a Tekyeh, and the square before it, was to host the Taiiyeh, a cycle of passion plays commemorating the martyrdom of the third Imam, Hossein, which take place once a year during the mourning month of Moharram. The site dates from the fifteenth century arid the efforts of its eponymous builder, Amir Jalal Al-Din Chakhmagh, governor of Yard.

However, what remains to be seen today is this nineteenth century tiled portal, built as a grandstand from which the plays could be watched.

For a brief period, Yazd was the capital of Atabakan and Mozaffarid dynasties (14th Century A.D.). During Qajar Dynasty (18th Century A.D.) it was ruled by the Bakhtiari Khans.

The city of Yazd is located in the eastern part of central Iran situated on the high, desert plateau that forms much of the country. Amidst the immense desert, Yazd retains its sterling of old in religion, traditions and architecture. Recognized by UNESCO as holding one of the oldest architecture all over the world.

Masjed-e Jame (Jame Mosque, 14th century) The word Yazd means, feast and worship, The city of Yazd has resisted the modern urbasisation changes and maintained its traditional structure. The geographical features of this region have made people developed special architectural styles. For this reason, in the older part of the city most houses are built of mud-bricks and have domed roofs. These materials served as insulation preventing heat from passing through.

The existence of special ventilation structures, called Badgirs, on the roofs is a distinctive feature of the architecture of this city (A Badgir is a high structure on the roof under which, in the interior of the building, there is a small pool). Therefore, Yazd has presented its stable identity at the foothills of the 4000 meter Shir Kooh.

The Jame Mosque (Friday Mosque) crowned by a pair of minarets, the highest in Persia, the portal's facade is decorated from top to bottom in dazzling tile work, predominantly blue in colour. Within there is a long arcaded court where, behind a deep-set south-east Ivan, is a sanctuary chamber. This chamber, under a squat tiled dome, is exquisitely decorated with faience mosaic: its tall faience Mihrab, dated 1365, is one of the finest of its kind in existence.

The Mosque was largely rebuilt between 1324 and 1365, and is one of the outstanding 14th century buildings in Persia. The tile work has recently been skilfully restored and a modern library built to house the mosque's valuable collection of books and manuscripts.

Zoroastrians have always been populous in Yazd. Even now roughly ten percent of the town's population adhere to this ancient religion, and though their Atashkadeh (Fire Temple) was turned into a mosque when Arabs invaded Iran, a dignified new fire temple was inaugurated thirteen hundred years later.

Atashkadeh (Fire Temple) This Atashkadeh (Fire Temple) intitates meet there, but nobody apart form the Moubad (Grand Priest), a descendant of the Magi, reciting the Avesta, has access to the Moubad-e Moubadan (Saint of Saints) where for the past 3000 years a fire burns in a brazen vessel. The fire itself is a representation of what is good.

Being located beside the central mountains, far from the sea, adjacent to the kavir and in the shadow rainy region, Yazd has a climate which mostly resembles dry desertic climate. Little rain along with high water evaporation, relatively low dampness, heat and great temperature changes are among the factors making this province, one of the driest parts of Iran. The only moderating climatic factor is height and so, there is a pleasant climate dominant in Shirkuh heights.

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