Ahwaz Travel Guide

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Ahvaz is the anagram of "Avaz" and "Avaja" which appear in Darius's epigraph. This word appears in Naqsh-Rostam inscription as "Khaja" or "Khooja" too.[citation needed]

First named Ōhrmazd-Ardašēr (Persian: هرمزداردشیر) (Roamn Hormizdartazir[3]) it was built near the beginning of the Sassanid dynasty on what historians believe to have been the site of the old city of Taryana, a notable city under the Persian Achaemenid dynasty. It was founded either by Ardashir I in 230 (cf. Encyclopædia Iranica, al-Muqaddasi, et al.) or (according to the Middle Persian Šahrestānīhā ī Ērānšahr) by his grandson Hormizd I; the town's name either combined Ardashir's name with the Zoroastrian name for God, Ōhrmazd or Hormizd's name with that of his grandfather. It became the seat of the province, and was also referred to as Hūmšēr. During the Sassanid era, an irrigation system and several dams were constructed, and the city prospered. Examples of Sassanid-era dams are Band-e Bala-rud, Band-e Mizan, Band-e Borj Ayar and Band-e Khak. The city replaced Susa, the ancient capital of Susiana, as the capital of what was then called Xuzestān.

The city had two sections; the nobles of the city lived in one part while the other was inhabited by merchants.[4] When the Arabs invaded the area in 640, the part of the city home to the nobility was demolished but the Hūj-ī-stānwāčār "Market of Khūz State", the merchant area, remained intact. The city was therefore renamed Sūq al-Ahwāz, "Market of the Khuz", a semi-literal translation of the Persian name of this quarter - Ahwāz being the Arabic broken plural of Hûz, taken from the ancient Persian term for the native Elamite peoples, Hūja (remaining in medieval Xūzīg "of the Khuz" and modern Xuzestān "Khuz State", as noted by Yaqut al-Hamawi (1179-1229) and Abu-Mansoor Javalighi.

Get around ans see beautiful places like as:
  Choghazanbil , a UNESCO World Heritage site which is the best preserved ziggurat temple in the world, was built about 1250 BC by the king of Elamite to honor their great god.
 Go to Shush(Susa) area visiting Chogha-Zanbil zigurat,Achamenian Palace,Susa museum and castle,Daniel temple,Haft-Teppeh(1500 BC)
 In Shushtar city visiting amazing 2000-year-old water structures like as Sika watermills,dams, bridges and tunnels,also olden town ( bazaar,houses,castle,...)
 Discover Bakhtiari's land on the beautiful slopes of Zagros mountains, visiting ancient Elamite sites of Tarisha temple and KoolFarah alog with nomads and villages in Izeh,Baghmalek and Haftguel 
For exscursions around Ahwaz ,there are private tours for going to the amazing above places and others by: www.travelguide.ir

Part or or all of this text stems from the original article at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahwaz

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