Geography & Population in MongoliaEdit This
Despite the popular image of Mongolians as nomadic herders, it is an increasingly urbanized country -- 51.9 per cent of the population is urban, 48.1 per cent rural. More than one quarter of Mongolians live in the capital city, Ulaanbaatar. The other major urban centres are Darhan (pop. 90,000) and Erdenet (pop.65,000).
The country is divided into 21 aimags (provinces), plus the autonomous capital region. The aimags are:
In the centre: Tov, Ovorhangai, Arhangai
In the north: Bulgan, Selenge, Hovsgol, Zavhan, Darhan-Uul, Orhon
In the east: Hentii, Dornod, Suhbaatar
In the west: Hovd, Uvs, Bayan-Olgii, Gov-Altai
In the south: Dundgov, Dornogov, Omnogov, Bayanhongor, Gobisumber
Limited natural fresh water resources; policies of the former communist regime promoting rapid urbanization and industrial growth have raised concerns about their negative effects on the environment; the burning of soft coal and the concentration of factories in Ulaanbaatar have severely polluted the air; deforestation, overgrazing, the converting of virgin land to agricultural production have increased soil erosion from wind and rain; desertification; mining activities have also had a deleterious effect on the environment.
July 07, 2004 change by hpharmsen (1 point)