People in Zambia

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Noel C Walsh

Population: 9 460 736 (July 1998 est.)  (Closer to 11,000 now <2004>)

Age structure:

0-14 years: 49% (male 2 342 043; female 2 316 357)

15-64 years: 48% (male 2 244 251; female 2 326 159)

65 years and over: 3% (male 106 950; female 124 976) (July 1998 est.)

Population growth rate: 2.13% (1998 est.)

Birth rate: 44.6 births/1 000 population (1998 est.)

Death rate: 22.55 deaths/1 000 population (1998 est.)

Net migration rate: -0.8 migrant(s)/1 000 population (1998 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female (1998 est.)

Infant mortality rate: 92.57 deaths/1 000 live births (1998 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 37.07 years

male: 36.81 years

female: 37.33 years (1998 est.)

Total fertility rate: 6.41 children born/woman (1998 est.)

Nationality:

noun: Zambian(s)

adjective: Zambian

Ethnic groups: African 98.7% European 1.1% other 0.2%

Religions: Christian 50%-75% Muslim and Hindu 24%-49% indigenous beliefs 1%

Languages: English (official) major vernaculars—Bemba Kaonda Lozi Lunda Luvale Nyanja Tonga and about 70 other indigenous languages

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write in English

total population: 78.2%

male: 85.6%

female: 71.3% (1995 est.)

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