People in Uganda

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Population: 22 167 195 (July 1998 est.)

Age structure:

0-14 years: 51% (male 5 682 510; female 5 643 962)

15-64 years: 47% (male 5 157 818; female 5 199 080)

65 years and over: 2% (male 236 374; female 247 451) (July 1998 est.)

Population growth rate: 2.85% (1998 est.)

Birth rate: 49.21 births/1 000 population (1998 est.)

Death rate: 18.95 deaths/1 000 population (1998 est.)

Net migration rate: -1.8 migrant(s)/1 000 population (1998 est.)

note: Uganda is host to refugees from a number of neighboring countries including: Sudan 175 000 Rwanda possibly 10 000 and Democratic Republic of the Congo about 5 000

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.95 male(s)/female (1998 est.)

Infant mortality rate: 92.86 deaths/1 000 live births (1998 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 42.6 years

male: 41.81 years

female: 43.41 years (1998 est.)

Total fertility rate: 7.09 children born/woman (1998 est.)

Nationality:

noun: Ugandan(s)

adjective: Ugandan

Ethnic groups: Baganda 17% Karamojong 12% Basoga 8% Iteso 8% Langi 6% Rwanda 6% Bagisu 5% Acholi 4% Lugbara 4% Banyoro 3% Batobo 3% non-African (European Asian Arab) 1% other 23%

Religions: Roman Catholic 33% Protestant 33% Muslim 16% indigenous beliefs 18%

Languages: English (official national language taught in grade schools used in courts of law and by most newspapers and some radio broadcasts) Ganda or Luganda (most widely used of the Niger-Congo languages preferred for native language publications and may be taught in school) other Niger-Congo languages Nilo-Saharan languages Swahili Arabic

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 61.8%

male: 73.7%

female: 50.2% (1995 est.)

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