History in Hammamet

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The history of Hammamet is loaded with exciting stories, since the city has had so many empires ruling over her. Therefore Hammamet and the surrounding area has all sorts of ruins and relics that can be entertaining whether you are an explorer or you’re just sightseeing.

Ancient History

Originally the Phoenicians established the Tunisian land in the 12th century B.C. By traveling in a vehicle to Hammamet you will use one of the world’s oldest roads, used by the Phoenicians and Greeks for trading during this time. By the end of 3 vicious wars in 146 B.C., Tunisia was finally under the rule of Rome when Carthage, the capital of Tunisia, was completely destroyed. You can seek out some of the old Roman ruins as evidence of their destruction and dominance here.

Arabian and European Dominance

Thirteen centuries ago the Arabs replaced Rome’s rule over Hammamet when the conquerer Amr ibn ai-As swept through several North African countries. Islamic culture and religion took over from then on out. Now in the city a sweeping pervasive sense of Turkish habitation shows from their crenellated battlements towering overhead by the fortified kashbar. Wafting in the air is the smell of spices mixed with aromas of Turkish coffee. Throughout the years, Hammamet's rulers changed several times. First the Ottoman Turks , followed by the French imperialists and finally the Italian colonists. To this day you can witness the French influence that they brought here. Many of Hammamet’s resort facilities, including the railway and telephone service, are a part of the French era you can enjoy.

Hammamet's Independence and Modern Growth

From then until the turn of the last century Hammamet was a remote village tucked away about 60km from Tunis. In the 1920s, while Hammamet was still a sleepy fishing village, some wealthy European and American artists happened to discover Hammamet and started to use it as a getaway resort. Here they bought white wall villas or built them with walled gardens and swimming pools. This exodus of rich people changed the atmosphere forever, and Hammamet found its way onto the map of public eyes.

In 1956, Tunisia gained its independence from France. After experiencing freedom, Hammamet quickly began to establish itself as a tourist paradise. You can see in the countryside or the alleyways that though in the past Hammamet has seen some war torn times, it still stands firm.

Until this day, Hammamet is still independent, though under Arabic rule. Bordered by the isolationist country of Libya in the east, and civil war-torn Algeria to the west, Tunisia is rather quiet. If your vacation destination includes a quiet but active place steeped in an old fashioned trend, yet expanding some toward modern culture, Hammamet is for you.


Contributors
December 28, 2009 change by turkeyfish
January 19, 2010 change by sequoia maner

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