People in South Africa

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Population: 42 834 520 (July 1998 est.)

note: South Africa took a census 10 October 1996 which showed a total of 37 859 000 (after a 6.8% adjustment for underenumeration based on a post-enumeration survey); this figure is still about 10% below projections from earlier censuses; since the full results of the census have not been released for analysis the numbers shown for South Africa do not take into consideration the results of this 1996 census

Age structure:

0-14 years: 35% (male 7 502 396; female 7 366 144)

15-64 years: 61% (male 12 947 521; female 13 079 892)

65 years and over: 4% (male 778 767; female 1 159 800) (July 1998 est.)

Population growth rate: 1.42% (1998 est.)

Birth rate: 26.43 births/1 000 population (1998 est.)

Death rate: 12.28 deaths/1 000 population (1998 est.)

Net migration rate: 0.08 migrant(s)/1 000 population (1998 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female (1998 est.)

Infant mortality rate: 52.04 deaths/1 000 live births (1998 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 55.65 years

male: 53.56 years

female: 57.8 years (1998 est.)

Total fertility rate: 3.16 children born/woman (1998 est.)

Nationality:

noun: South African(s)

adjective: South African

Ethnic groups: black 75.2% white 13.6% Colored 8.6% Indian 2.6%

Religions: Christian 68% (includes most whites and Coloreds about 60% of blacks and about 40% of Indians) Muslim 2% Hindu 1.5% (60% of Indians) traditional and animistic 28.5%

Languages: 11 official languages including Afrikaans English Ndebele Pedi Sotho Swazi Tsonga Tswana Venda Xhosa Zulu

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 81.8%

male: 81.9%

female: 81.7% (1995 est.)

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