People in Somalia

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Population: 7,253,137 

note: this estimate was derived from an official census taken in 1987 by the Somali Government with the cooperation of the UN and the US Bureau of the Census; population estimates are updated year by year between census years by factoring growth rates into them and by taking account of refugee movements and of losses due to famine; lower estimates of Somalia's population in mid-1996 (on the order of 6.0 million to 6.5 million) have been made by aid and relief agencies based on the number of persons being fed; population counting in Somalia is complicated by the large numbers of nomads and by refugee movements in response to famine and clan warfare

Age structure:

0-14 years: 44% (male 1 512 014; female 1 511 858)

15-64 years: 53% (male 1 833 922; female 1 786 261)

65 years and over: 3% (male 90 475; female 107 165) (July 1998 est.)

Population growth rate: 4.43% (1998 est.)

Birth rate: 46.75 births/1 000 population (1998 est.)

Death rate: 18.5 deaths/1 000 population (1998 est.)

Net migration rate: 16.08 migrant(s)/1 000 population (1998 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/female (1998 est.)

Infant mortality rate: 125.77 deaths/1 000 live births (1998 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 46.23 years

male: 44.66 years

female: 47.85 years (1998 est.)

Total fertility rate: 7.01 children born/woman (1998 est.)

Nationality:

noun: Somali(s)

adjective: Somali

Ethnic groups: Somali 85% Bantu Arabs 30 000

Religions: Sunni Muslim

Languages: Somali (official) Arabic Italian English

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 24%

male: 36%

female: 14% (1990 est.)

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