History in Port Harcourt

Edit This

Port Harcourt history dates back to the early 1900s when it was a British colony. It was actually built as a port to allow coal that had been found in Enugu to be exported. It was the Governor in charge of Nigeria in 1913 who requested Viscount Harcourt to name the place after him. He was the was the state secretary then. The Ikwerre who are a sub-tribe to the Igbo are the local people who initially occupied this area.

As a Port

This city has been a very important a port. It is also the largest port East of Nigeria. A railway system built in 1916 made it possible to transport goods and crops from various areas near Port Harcourt. This city also had warehousing facilities capable of storing huge amounts of goods. The goods which were meant for export were then loaded onto ships headed to other continents. From the south of Nigeria, this place is connected by water-filled creeks which also helped in the ferrying of goods using canoes and boats up to the port.

Port Harcourt People

Port Harcourt history shows that the Ikwerre people are the majority here as this was their ancestral land. Their main activities and source of livelihood was fishing, farming and hunting. They lived in clans ruled by a chief and they didn't have a king. These people speak the same dialect.

Natural Resources

Coal was the first natural resource discovered by the British in the 1900s. This area is also rich in oil and is the largest refining city in Nigeria. Also found here are palm kernels and oil. Cocoa was introduced here by the British. Tin was also mined for export. The local people also planted peanuts for consumption and also for sale. This area also had an abundance of fish which was consumed by the locals.

Major multinational oil companies built their processing plants and oil rigs in Port Harcourt to drill and refine oil for petroleum and gas for export.

Wildlife was also abundant in Port Harcourt in the early years although due to civilization the numbers have dwindled. The local government and tourism sector have made an effort to preserve the remaining natural parks and wildlife within.


Port Harcourt history is filled with success stories of foreign and local firms which opened plants such as motor vehicle assembly, paper manufacturing, cement factories, food factories, cigarette factories and plants for the manufacture of petroleum by products like vehicle tires.

Port Harcourt history about a city which grew because of its rich resources discovered in the late 1900s.

April 14, 2010 change by joekabuya

Where World66 helps you find the best deals on Port Harcourt Hotels