History in El ayoune

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al-Ayun was the main Spanish settlement in the region of Western Sahara called ' Saguia al Hamra'. This region was earlier mainly inhabited by nomads.

The capital of these nomads was Smara, also in the Saguia. It was founded by the leader of the resistance against the Spanish and French occupation of the Western Sahara, Sheikh Ma al-Aynayn.

After the departure of the Spanish the Moroccans occupied the territory and starting moving Moroccan settlers into Western Sahara. Since the town has more than dubbled its population although many Saharawis flead the Moroccan invasion to Algeria and Mauritania.

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