People in Kenya

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Population: 33.6 million (2004 estimate of Central Bureau of Statistics)

Age structure:

0-14 years: 44% (male 6 248 260; female 6 109 443)

15-64 years: 54% (male 7 609 631; female 7 607 810)

65 years and over: 2% (male 333 881; female 428 046) (July 1998 est.)

Population growth rate: 1.71% (1998 est.)

Birth rate: 31.68 births/1 000 population (1998 est.)

Death rate: 14.19 deaths/1 000 population (1998 est.)

Net migration rate: -0.35 migrant(s)/1 000 population (1998 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female (1998 est.)

Infant mortality rate: 77 deaths/1 000 live births (2004 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 47.57 years

male: 47.02 years

female: 48.13 years (1998 est.)

Total fertility rate: 4.07 children born/woman (1998 est.)

Nationality:

noun: Kenyan(s)

adjective: Kenyan

Ethnic groups: Kikuyu 22% Luhya 14% Luo 13% Kalenjin 12% Kamba 11% Kisii 6% Meru 6% other African 15% non-African (Asian European and Arab) 1%

Religions: Protestant (including Anglican) 38% Roman Catholic 28% indigenous beliefs 26% Muslim 6% other 2%

Languages: English (official) Swahili (official) numerous indigenous languages

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 78.1%

male: 86.3%

female: 70% (1995 est.)

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