People in Ghana

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2 woman pounding fufu

2 woman pounding fufu

Ragna Meul

Population: 18 497 206 (July 1998 est.)

Age structure:

0-14 years: 43% (male 3 985 219; female 3 947 640)

15-64 years: 54% (male 4 905 442; female 5 077 521)

65 years and over: 3% (male 275 192; female 306 192) (July 1998 est.)

Population growth rate: 2.13% (1998 est.)

Birth rate: 32.81 births/1 000 population (1998 est.)

Death rate: 10.63 deaths/1 000 population (1998 est.)

Net migration rate: -0.9 migrant(s)/1 000 population (1998 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female (1998 est.)

Infant mortality rate: 77.53 deaths/1 000 live births (1998 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 56.82 years

male: 54.77 years

female: 58.92 years (1998 est.)

Total fertility rate: 4.27 children born/woman (1998 est.)

Nationality:

noun: Ghanaian(s)

adjective: Ghanaian

Ethnic groups: black African 99.8% (major tribes—Akan 44% Moshi-Dagomba 16% Ewe 13% Ga 8%) European and other 0.2%

Religions: indigenous beliefs 38% Muslim 30% Christian 24% other 8%

Languages: English (official) African languages (including Akan Moshi-Dagomba Ewe and Ga)

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 64.5%

male: 75.9%

female: 53.5% (1995 est.)

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