People in Ethiopia

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Harari woman

Harari woman

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Population: 58 390 351 (July 1998 est.)

Age structure:

0-14 years: 46% (male 13 468 783; female 13 398 500)

15-64 years: 51% (male 15 095 357; female 14 812 537)

65 years and over: 3% (male 734 471; female 880 703) (July 1998 est.)

Population growth rate: 2.21% (1998 est.)

Birth rate: 44.69 births/1 000 population (1998 est.)

Death rate: 21.25 deaths/1 000 population (1998 est.)

Net migration rate: -1.33 migrant(s)/1 000 population (1998 est.)

note: repatriation of Ethiopians who fled to Sudan Kenya and Somalia for refuge from war and famine in earlier years is expected to continue slowly in 1998; small numbers of Sudanese and Somali refugees who fled to Ethiopia from the fighting in their own countries began returning to their homes in 1998

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female (1998 est.)

Infant mortality rate: 125.65 deaths/1 000 live births (1998 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 40.85 years

male: 39.76 years

female: 41.97 years (1998 est.)

Total fertility rate: 6.88 children born/woman (1998 est.)

Nationality:

noun: Ethiopian(s)

adjective: Ethiopian

Ethnic groups: Oromo 40% Amhara and Tigrean 32% Sidamo 9% Shankella 6% Somali 6% Afar 4% Gurage 2% other 1%

Religions: Muslim 45%-50% Ethiopian Orthodox 35%-40% animist 12% other 3%-8%

Languages: Amharic (official) Tigrinya Orominga Guaraginga Somali Arabic English (major foreign language taught in schools)

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 35.5%

male: 45.5%

female: 25.3% (1995 est.)

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