Sights in Alexandria

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AlMontazah Palace (Rear View)

AlMontazah Palace (Rear View)

Hussein Gamal (HG)

Alexandria, Egypt is known as the Pearl of the Mediterranean because it represents everything Egyptians have loved and cherished, both presently and historically. The second largest city in Egypt after Cairo, Alexandria was originally established in 331 BC by Alexander the Great, and is well known for being the home of the revered pharaoh Cleopatra. There are still many remnants left of Alexandria's previous inhabitants, and when visiting, tourists will definitely want to explore all of the ancient Alexandria Sights.

Museums

  • The Alexandria National Museum at Raml Station is a museum of history containing approximately 2,000 archaeological artifacts and exhibits. The entire basement of the museum holds only pharaonic and prehistoric artifacts, the first floor is dedicated to the Graco-Roman era, and the second floor contains Coptic and Islamic Era pieces that have been found in the most recent underwater digs and excavations.
  • The Museum of Fine Arts at Moharram Bey mainly showcases jewels collected from former Egyptian royalty.


Religious Sights

  • The Tegran Necropolis is a well preserved tomb dating back to the 2nd century B.C. It's decorated with ancient Egyptian paintings much like those of the Pharaohs. However, this particular tomb was built solely for rich men of Roman times.
  • The St. Marcos Church was the creation of St. Mark the Evangelist who initially introduced Christianity to the Egyptians. The original church's ruins lie beneath the current church, which has an immense hall leading to the 11th century archbishop’s cemetery.
  • The Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral at Mahatet El Raml was established in A.D. 60 and held the Pope of Alexandria's historical seat until it was moved in 1971. The Evangelist Saint Mark was buried at this cathedral until A.D. 828, when his remains were taken back to Venice by the Venetians.


Historical Sights

  • Pompey's Pillar at Karmouz is an ancient, eighty foot high column of granite that was made in 297 AD. Areas where ancient monuments stand like this one are sectioned off and confined for viewing only, so no damage comes to them.
  • The Roman Theatre in Kom El-Dikka was constructed in the second century AD. The Roman style amphitheater is made of white and gray marble semicircular tiers and can seat approximately 800 people.
  • The Citadel of Qait Bey is one of the city's most beautiful locations. Built in 1477 AD in the same location where the Pharos Lighthouse once stood, this historical fortress looks out over the city of Alexandria and the aqua-blue Mediterranean Sea.

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Cavafy Museum

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Museum dedicated to the Greek Alexandrian poet Constantine Cavafy.

type:Museums
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address:4 Sharm El Sheikh Street
openinghours:9am-2pm, except Mondays.

Aquarium & Marine Life Museum

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i

Not very impreisse overview of marine life.

type:Museums
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address:Fort Qait Bey
openinghours:9am-2pm

Al-Montazah Palace

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AlMontazah Palace (Rear View)
AlMontazah Palace (Rear View)
photo by: Hussein Gamal (HG)

Built on a low plateau east of Alexandria and overlooking a beautiful beach amid about 370 feddans of gardens and woods, the palace comprises a number of buildings, the most important being Al-Haramlek and Al-Salamlek, the summer residence of the former royal family.

type:Landmarks
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Catacombs of Kom al-Shoqafa

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This is the largest Roman cemetery in Alexandria. It is composed of three levels cut 30 meters deep into the existing rock. Dating to the beginning of the Second Century AD, it is a blend of Pharaonic and Roman art.

type:Greek & Roman monuments
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Museum of Fine Arts

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The museum houses a spectacular collection of sculptures, paintings and architectural works. Exhibitions by contemporary artists, both Egyptian and non-Egyptian are often held there. Furthermore, the museum organizes the Alexandria Biennially, every two years, to display the art of the Mediterranean countries.

type:Museums
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address:18 Menasce Street, Moharrem Bey
openinghours:8am-2pm. Except Fridays.
tel:+02 3 493 6616

Mostafa Kamel Graveyard

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The four tombs dating back to the second century BC are in a very good condition and beautifully decorated. The graveyard was named after Mostafa Kamel, one of Egypt's greatest twentieth century political legends.

type:Mosque
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Mosque of Abu El-Abbas al-Mursi

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inside
inside
photo by: magdi habachi

This mosque, is Alexandria's largest and one of the most important Islamic monuments. In 1775 the Algerians built the mosque over the tomb of the thirteenth century Andalusan saint Ahmed Abu al-Abbas al-Mursi who had joined and then lead the Shadhali brotherhood. It was rebuilt in 1943 with its four domes, and the towering (73 meter) minaret. It is one of Alexandria's foremost religious buildings

type:Mosque
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Graeco-Roman Museum

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The museum contains a very big variety of coins from different countries, chronologically arranged, and dating back from 630 BC to the Ottoman period in the 19th century. The collection, which covers the period from the 3rd century BC to the 7th century AD, is a fascinating record of civilization in the process of change as religions merged and society evolved. The museum contains hundreds of precious antiques.

type:Museums
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address:5 Sharia Al-Mathaf Ar-Romani
openinghours:9am-4pm

Hussein Sobhy Museum of Fine Arts

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Nice collection of modern Egyptian art.

type:Museums
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address:18 Menasha Street
openinghours:8am-2pm/5pm-8pm, except Fridays.

St. Marcos Church

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This church reputedly was established by St. Mark the Evangelist who brought Christianity to Egypt. The current church is built on the remains of an earlier church and is in the basilican style. The church has a large hall that leads to the 11th century cemetery of Coptic archbishops.

type:Churches
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