History in Algiers

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Algiers history is vast and checkered, marked by the great ups and downs in its fortunes over the last 3,000 years. The origins of Algiers date back to around 1200 B.C. when it was established by the Phoenicians who used it as a trading post. About 1,000 years later, Algiers was annexed by the Roman Empire. For the next 600 years, Algiers prospered under Roman influence, but its major destruction took place in the 5th century A.D. when the city came under the siege of the Vandals. 

Revival of Algiers 

In 944 A.D., the town of Algiers again rose like a phoenix from the ashes when it came to the attention of the rulers of Berber dynasty. The city began to prosper and quickly became a key point for trade in the Mediterranean. This created the foundation for the modern city of Algiers. Over the next few centuries, the Moors outlawed from Spain made Algiers their home. They engaged in sea piracy, turning Algiers into a primary base for piracy until the 19th century. 

Colonization by France 

During the period of Moors’ control over Algiers, it became a crucial Ottoman base against Spain. However, in 1830, Algiers finally lost its battle against European imperialism when it was taken over by the French army. It quickly became an important North African colony of France and remained so over the next 130 years. It became the command control center for the French occupations in North and West Africa. During the Second World War, Algiers was chosen as the headquarters of the Allied powers. 

Battle for Independence 

Algiers was at the core of Algeria’s fight for freedom from French control which began in the mid-20th century. The War of Independence was fought in 1962, killing countless Algerian soldiers and leading to the independence of the country. Many European natives left Algiers after it gained independence. 

Historical Preserves of Algiers 

There are several historical sites in present-day Algiers that bear testimony to its amazing past. Mosques, cathedrals, palaces, public buildings and boulevards from a bygone era still survive in Algiers, and some of them have been declared as World Heritage Sites by the United Nations. The original architectural remains at these sites tell stories. The city’s immense historical value draws a number of tourists from all over the world each year.       

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